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Civil War Unit Terms

Civil War and Reconstruction Study Guide Terms

TermDefinition
Anaconda Plan Union Strategy for defeating the Confederacy.
Blockade Shutting off an area by troops or ships to keep people and supplies from moving in or out.
Emancipation Proclamation Statement issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, freeing all the slaves in the Confederate States still at war with the Union.
Draft Law that requires men of a certain age to serve in the military if called.
Assasination The killing of a high-ranking official or leader.
Jim Crow Laws Laws passed in the south after reconstruction establishing segregation of blacks and whites.
Segregation Separation of people of different races.
Reconstruction Period of rebuilding after the Civil War during which the Southern states rejoined the Union.
Impeachment Bringing of charges of wrong doing against an elected official.
Freedman's Bureau Federal Agency set up in 1865 to provide food, schools, and medical care to freed slaves in the south.
Abraham Lincoln President of the United States
Jefferson Davis President of the Confederacy
Robert E. Lee Commander of Confederate Forces during the Civil War.
Ulysses S. Grant Commander of Union forces during the Civil War.
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson Confederate General who helped the Confederates win several early victories in the Civil War.
Mathew Brady Famous Civil War Photography
William Tecumseh Sherman Union general who's "March to the Sea" in 1864 helped defeat the Confederacy in the Civil War.
Blanche K. Bruce Former slave elected to U.S. Senate in 1874.
Impeachment Bringing of charges of wrong doing against an elected official.
54th Colored Regiment Group of soldiers was one of the first groups of black troops to be organized for the Union Army.
Andrew Johnson 17th President of the United States. Took office when Lincoln was assasinated.
Battle of Bull Run Early, the Union was winning, then the Confederates "stood like a stone wall" and they won. It happened in Virginia.
Battle of Antietam Union and Confederate forces met near the town of Sharpsburg, Maryland. With Robert E. Lee
Battle of Gettysburg Important battle. Lasted 3 days. Vicotry for the North. Farthest north for Confederates. Was in Pennsylvania.
Battle of Vicksburg Took over Vicksburg. Blockade. Bombarded with cannon fire by land and sea for 48 days. Happened in Mississippi.
Created by: camruns