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Chap. XIV & XV

TermDefinition
1 totalitarianism a theory of gov. in which a single party or Leader controls the economic social and cultural lives of its people
2 anti-Semitic Prejudice against Jewish people
3 Spanish Civil War Nationalist forces led by General Francisco Franco rebelled against the democratic Republican government of Spain
4 appeasement Granting concessions to a potential enemy in the hope that it will maintain peace
5 Anschluss Union of Germany and Austria in 1933
6 Munich Pact agreement made between germany italy GB and France in 1938 that sacrificed the sudetenland to preserve peace
7 blitzkrieg Sudden attack with many aircrafts
8 Axis Power Germany, Italy, Japan, and several other nations in an alliance
9 Allies Britain, France, and eventually many other nations, including the Soviet Union, the United States, and China
10 Neutrality Act of 1939 Act that allowed nations at war to buy goods and arms in the United States if they paid cash and carried the merchandise on their own ships
11 Tripartite Act Agreement that created an alliance between germany itlay and japan durin WWII
12lend-lease act Act passed in 1941 that allowed President Roosevelt to sell or lend war supplies to any country whose defense is considered vital to the safety of the U.S.
13 atlantic charter A joint declaration made in August 1941 by Great Britain and the United States, during World War II, that endorsed national self-determination and an international system of general security
14 Pearl Harbor Hawaii, the site of the United States Navy's main Pacific base
15 WAC U.S. Army Group established during World War II so that women could serve in noncombat roles
16 bataan death march During World War II, the forced march of American and Filipino prisoners of war under brutal conditions by the Japanese military
17 battle of coral sea World War II battle that took place between Japanese and American aircraft carriers
18. Unconditional Surrender Giving up completly with out any concessions
19. Saturation Bombing Tactic of dropping massive amounts of bombs in order to inflict maximum amount of damage
20. Tuskegee Airmen African American squadron that escorted bombers in the air war over Europe during World War II
21. Battle of Midway Turning point in World War II in the Pacific, in which Japanese advance was stopped
22. Executive Order of 8802 World War II measure that assured fair hiring practices in any job funded by the government
23. Bracero Program Plan that brought laborers from Mexico to work on American farms
24. Internment Temporary imprisonment of members of a specific group
25. Korematsu V United States Case concerning the constitutionality of Executive Order 9066, which ordered Japanese Americans into internment camps during World War II regardless of citizenship
26. 442nd Regimental Combat Team All-Nisei fought in the Italian campaign and became the most decorated military unit in American history
27. Rationing Government controlled limits on the amount of certain goods that civilians could buy during wartime
28. Office of War Information (OWI) Worked closely with the media to encourage support of the war effort
29. Battle of the Bulge December 1944, Hitler ordered a counterattack on Allied troops in Belgium, but it crippled Germany by using its reserves and demoralizing its troops
30. Island Hopping World War II strategy that involved seizing selected Japanese-held islands in the Pacific while bypassing others
31. Kamikaze Japanese pilots who deliberately crashed planes into American ships during World War II
32. Manhattan Project Code name of the project that developed the atomic bomb
33. Holocaust The mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime during the period 1941–45
34. Anti-Semitism Prejudice, hatred of, or discrimination against Jews for reasons connected to their Jewish heritage
35. Nuremberg Laws enacted by Hitler to denied German citizenship to Jews
36. Kristallnacht "Night of the Broken Glass," organized attacks in Jewish communities on November 9, 1938
37. Genocide The deliberate killing of a large group of people, esp. those of a particular ethnic group or nation
38. Concentration Camp A camp where civilians, enemy aliens, political prisoners, and sometimes prisoners of war are detained and confined, typically under harsh conditions
39. Death Camp Nazi camps designed for extermination of prisoners
40. War Refugees Board U.S. government agency founded in 1944 to save Eastern European Jews
41. Yalta Conference Meeting of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and General Secretary Joseph Stalin, respectively, for the purpose of discussing Europe's post-war reorganization
42. Superpower An extremely powerful nation, especially one capable of influencing international events and the acts and policies of less powerful nations
43. General Agreement On Tariffs and Trade (GATT) International agreement first signed in 1947, aimed at lowering trade barriers
44. United Nations The nations that signed the joint declaration in Washington, D.C., January 2, 1942, pledging to employ full resources against the Axis powers, not to make a separate peace, etc
45. Universal Declaration of Human Rights Document promoted by the UN to promote basic human rights and freedoms
46. Geneva Convention International agreement governing the humane treatment of wounded soldiers and prisoners of war
47. Nuremberg Trials Trials in which Nazi leaders were charged with war crimes
48. Strategic Bombing Tactic of dropping bombs on key political and industrial targets
49. D-Day June 6, 1944, the day Allies landed on the beaches of Normandy, France
Created by: mitchin28