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US History 14 & 15

US History 14&15

1. totalitarianism a theory of government in which a single party or leader controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its people
2. anti-Semitic prejudiced against Jewish people
3. Spanish Civil War a bloody conflict that raged from 1936 until 1939
4. appeasement the policy that France and Britain persued against aggressive nations during the 1930s
5. Anschluss Union between Hitler and Austria
6. Munich Pact the agreement reached at the conference, had preserved "peace for our time"
7. blitzkrieg sudden attack
8. Axis Powers eventually included Germany, Italy, Japan, and several other nations
9. Allies included Britain, France, Soviet Union, USA, and China
10. Neutrality Act of 1939 included a cash-and-carry provision
11. Tripartite Pact Germany, Italy, and Japan signed the pact and became allies
12. Lend-Lease Act the act authorized Roosevelt to "sell, transfer title to, exchanged, lease, lend, or otherwise dispose of, to any such government any defense article
13. Atlantic Charter a document that endorsed national self-determination and international system of "general security"
14. Pearl Harbor the site of the United States Navy's main Pacific base
15. Women's Army Corps (WAC) in 1943 to provide clerical workers, truck drivers, instructors, and lab technicians for the US Army
16. Bataan Death March more than 7,000 American and Filipino troops died during the grueling journey
17. Battle of Coral Sea also helped kindle hope for the American military in the Pacific
18. unconditional surrender giving up completely without any concessions
19. saturation bombing bomb to inflict maximum damage
20. strategic bombing was to destroy Germany's capacity to make war
21. Tuskegee Airmen an African American fighter squadron played a key role in the campaign
22. Battle of Midway was the turning point of the war in the Pacific
23. executive order 8802 was signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 25, 1941, to prohibit racial discrimination in the national defense industry.
24. Bracero program a series of laws and diplomatic agreements
25. internment is the imprisonment of people, commonly in large groups, without trial.
26. Korematsu v. United States (1944), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case concerning the constitutionality of Executive Order 9066, which ordered Japanese Americans into internment camps during World War II regardless of citizenship.
27. 442nd Regimental Combat Team They were Nisei - American-born sons of Japanese immigrants
28. rationing is the controlled distribution of scarce resources, goods, or services.
29. United States Office of War Information (OWI) U.S. government agency created during World War II to consolidate government information services
30. D-Day June 6, 1944, 160,000 Allied troops landed along a 50-mile stretch of heavily-fortified French coastline to fight Nazi Germany on the beaches of Normandy, France.
31. Battle of the Bulge was a major German offensive launched through the densely forested Ardennes mountain region of Wallonia in Belgium, and France and Luxembourg on the Western Front towards the end of World War II
32. Island Hopping refers to the means of crossing an ocean by a series of shorter journeys between islands, as opposed to a single journey directly across the ocean to the destination.
33. Kamikaze were suicide attacks by military aviators from the Empire of Japan
34. Manhattan Project a research and development project that produced the first atomic bombs during World War II
35. Holocaust mass murder of approximately six million Jews
36. Anti-semitism hatred of Jews for reasons connected to their Jewish heritage
37. Nuremberg Laws of 1935 were antisemitic laws in Nazi Germany introduced at the annual Nuremberg Rally of the Nazi Party
38. Kristallnacht (1938) was a series of coordinated attacks against Jews throughout Nazi Germany
39. Genocide violent crimes committed against groups with the intent to destroy the existence of the group
40. Concentration camp Used to hold and torture political opponents and union organizers
41. Death camp were camps built to systematically kill millions of people by gassing and extreme work under starvation conditions
42. War Refugee Board tasked with the immediate rescue and relief of the Jews of Europe and other victims of enemy persecution
43. Yalta Conference was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union
44. Superpower state with a dominant position in the international system which has the ability to influence events and its own interests and project power on a worldwide scale to protect those interests
45. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was a multilateral agreement regulating international trade
46. United Nations is the world's largest, foremost, and most prominent international organization
47. Universal Declaration of Human Rights a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948 at Palais de Chaillot, Paris
48. Geneva Convention comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for the humanitarian treatment of war
49. Nuremberg Trials were a series of military tribunals, most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, and economic leadership of Nazi Germany
Created by: abullard3