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Chapter 14-15 vocab

QuestionAnswer
totalitarianism a theory of government in which a single party or leader controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its people.
anti-semitic prejudice and discrimination against Jewish people.
Spanish civil war nationalist forces led by General Franco rebelled against the democratic Republican government of Spain.
appeasement policy of granting concession in order to keep the peace.
Anschluss union of Germany and Austria in 1933.
Munich Pact agreement made between Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France in 1938 that sacrificed the Sudetenland to preserve peace.
blitzkrieg "lightning" war that emphasized the use of speed and firepower to penetrate deep into the enemies territory.
Axis powers group of countries led by germany, italy, and japan that fought the allies in world war 2.
allies group of countries led by Britian, france, the US and the soviet union that fought the axis powers in ww2.
neutralilty act of 1939 act that allowed nations at war to buy goods and arms in the united states if they paid cash and carried the merchandise on their own ships.
tripartite pact agreement that created an alliance between Germany, Italy,and Japan during ww2.
lend-lease act act passed in 1941 that allowed President Roosevelt to sell or lend war supplies to any country whose defense he considered vital to the safety of the US.
atlantic charter a joint declaration made in August 1941 by Great Britain and the US during ww2 that endorsed national self determination an international system of general security.
Pearl Harbor american military base attacked by the japanese on Dec. 7, 1941.
WAC US army group established during ww2 so that women could serve in noncombat roles.
Bataan Death march during ww2 the forced march of american and filipino prisoners of war under brutal conditions by the japanese military.
battle of coral sea ww2 battle that took place between japanese and american aircraft carriers.
unconditional surrender giving up completely without any concessions.
saturation bombing tatic of dropping massive amounts of bombs in order to inflict maximum damage.
tuskgee airmen african american squadron that escorted bombers in the air over europe during ww2.
battle of midway turning point of the ww2 in the pacific, in which the japanese advance was stopped.
excutive order 8802 ww2 measure that assured fair hiring pratices in any job funded by the goverment.
bracero program plan that brought laborers from mexico to work on american farms.
internment temporary imprisonment of members of a specific.
korematsu v. united states sopreme court upheld the govt wartime internment policy.
442nd regimental combat team most decorated military unit in american history.
rationing govt controlled limits on the amount of certain goods that civilians could buy during wartime.
OWI govt agency that encouraged support of the war effort during ww2.
D-day june 6 1944 the day allies landed on the beaches of normandy, france.
Battle of bulge in dec. 1944, hitler ordered a counterattack on allied troops in belgium, but it crippled germany by using up reserves and demoralizing.
island hopping ww2 strategy that involved seizing selected japanese held islands in the pacific while bypassing others.
kamikaze japanese pilots who deliberately crashed planes into american ships during ww2.
Manhattan project code name of the project that developed the atomic bomb.
Holcaust name now used to describe the systematic murder of jews by the nazis.
anti-semitism prejudice and discrimination against jewish people.
nuremberg laws laws enacted by hitler that denied german citizenship to jews.
kristallnacht night of broken glass organized attacks on jewish communities in germany on nov. 9 1938.
genocide willful annihilation of a racial, political, or cultural group.
concentration camp camps used by nazis to imprison undesirable members of society.
deathcamp nazi camp designed for the extermination of prisoners.
war refugee board us govt agency founded in 1944 to save eastern european jews.
Yalta conference 1945 strategy meeting between roosevelt , churchill, stalin.
superpower powerful country that plays a dominant economic polictal, and military role in the world.
GATT international agreement first signed in 1947 aimed at lowered trade barriers.
United nations organization founded in 1945 to promote peace.
Universal declaration of human rights document issued by the un to promote basic human rights and freedoms.
geneva convention international agreement govering the humane treatmewnt of wounded prisoners and prisoners of war.
nuremberg trials trials in which nazi leaders were charged with war crimes.
Created by: Peterj17