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Chapter 14 & 15 Vocab

1 Spanish Civil War Nationalist forces led by General Francisco Franco rebelled against the democratic Republican government of Spain. AustinH16
2 Appeasement Policy of granting concessions in order to keep the peace. austino11
3 Anschluss Union of Germany and Austria in 1933. 2nd Block
4 Munich Pact Agreement made between Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France in 1938 that sacrificed the Sudetenland to preserve peace. 4-2-13
5 Blitzkrieg "Lightning War" that emphasized the use of speed and firepower to penetrate deep into the enemy's territory.
6 Allies Group of countries led by Britain, France, the U.S., and the Soviet Union that fought the Axis Powers in World War II.
7 Neutrality Act of 1939 Act that allowed nations at war to buy goods and arms in the U.S. if they paid cash and carried the merchandise on their own ships.
8 Tripartite Pact Agreement that created an alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan during WWII.
9 Lend-Lease Act Act passed in 1941 that allowed President Roosevelt to sell or lend war supplies to any country whose defense he considered vital to the safety of the U.S.
10 Atlantic Charter A joint declaration made in august 1941 by Great Britain and the U.S., during WWII, that endorse national self-determination and an international system of general security.
11 Pearl Harbor American military base attacked by the Japanese on Dec. 7, 1941.
12 WAC U.S. Army group est. during WWI so that women could serve in non combat roles.
13 Bataan Death March During WWII, the forced march of American and Filipino prisoners of war under brutal conditions by the Japanese military.
14 Battle of Coral Sea WWII battle that took place between Japanese and American aircraft carriers.
15 Unconditional Surrender Giving up completely without any concessions.
16 Saturation Bombing Tactic of dropping massive amounts of bombs in order to inflict maximum damage.
17 Strategic Bombing Tactic of bombing bombs on key political and industrial targets.
18 Tuskegee Airmen Black squadron that escorted bombers in the air war over Europe during WWII.
19 Battle of Midway Turning point of WWII in the Pacific, in Which the Japanese advance was stopped.
20 Executive Order 8802 WWII measure that assured fair hiring practiced in any job funded by the government.
21 Bracero Program Plan that brought laborers from Mexico to work on American farms.
22 Internment Temporary imprisonment of members of a specific group.
23 Korematsu v. U.S. The Supreme Court upheld the government's wartime internment policy.
24 442nd Regimental Combat Team Fought in the Italian campaign and became the most decorated military unit in American History.
25 Rationing Government controlled limits on the amount of certain goods that civilians could buy during war time.
26 OWI Government agency that encouraged support of the war effort during WWII.
27 D-Day June 6, 1944, the day Allies landed on the beaches of Normandy, France.
28 Battle of the Bulge In Dec. 1944, Hitler ordered a counterattack on Allied troops in Belgium, but it crippled Germany by using up reserves and demoralizing its troops.
29 Island Hopping WWII strategy that involved seizing selected Japanese-held islands in the Pacific while bypassing others.
30 Kamikaze Japanese pilots who deliberately crashed planes into American ships during WWII.
31 Manhattan Project Code name of the project that developed the atomic bomb.
32 Holocaust Name now used to describe the systematic murder of Jews by Nazis.
33 Anti-Semitism Prejudice and discrimination against Jewish people.
34 Nuremberg Laws Laws enacted by Hitler that denied German citizenship to Jews.
35 Kristallnacht "Night of the Broken Glass," organized attacks on Jewish communities in Germany on Nov. 9, 1938.
36 Genocide Willful annihilation of a racial, political, or cultural group.
37 Concentration Camp Camps used by the Nazis to imprison "undesirable" members of society.
38 Death Camp Nazi camp designed for the extermination of prisoners.
39 War Refugee Board U.S. government agency founded in 1944 to save Eastern European Jews.
40 Yalta Conference 1945 strategy meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin.
41 Superpower Powerful country that plays a dominant economic, political, and military role in the world.
42 GATT International agreement first signed in 1947 aimed at lowering trade barriers.
43 United Nations Organization founded in 1945 to promote peace.
44 Universal Declaration of Human Rights Document issued by the UN to promote basic human rights and freedoms.
45 Geneva Convention International agreement governing the humane treatment of wounded soldiers and prisoners of war.
46 Nuremberg Trails Trials in which Nazi leaders were charged with war crimes.
47 Anti-Semitic Prejudice against Jews.
48 Totalitarianism A theory of government in which a single party or leader controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its people.
49 Axis Powers Group of countries led by Germany, Italy, and Japan that fought the allies in WWII.
Created by: AustinH16