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Chapter 14 Vocab

Chapter 14 Vocabulary

1) Totalitarianism- A theory of government in which a single party or leader controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its people.
2) Anti-Semitic- Prejudice and discrimination against Jewish people.
3) Spanish Civil War- Nationalist forces led by General Francisco Franco rebelled against the democratic Republican government of Spain.
4) Appeasement- Policy of granting concessions in order to keep peace.
5) Anschluss- Union of Germany and Austria in 1933.
6) Munich Pact- Agreement made between Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France in 1938 that sacrificed the Sudetenland to preserve peace.
7) Blitzkrieg- "Lightening war" that emphasized the use of speed and firepower to penetrate deep into enemy's territory.
8) Axis Powers- Group of countries led by Germany, Italy, and Japan that fought the Allies in World War II.
9) Allies- Group of countries led by Britain, France, United States, and the Soviet Union that fought the Axis Powers in World War II.
10) Neutrality Act of 1939- Act that allowed nations at war to buy goods and arms in the United States if they paid cash and carried the merchandise on their own ships.
11) Tripartite Pact- Agreement that created an alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II.
12) Lend-Lease Act- Act passed in 1941 that allowed President Roosevelt to sell or lend war supplies to any country whose defense he considered vital to the safety of the United States.
13) Atlantic Charter- A joint declaration made in August 1941 by Great Britain and the United States, during World War II, that endorsed national self-determination and an international system of general security.
14) Pearl Harbor- American military base attacked by the Japanese on December 7, 1941.
15) WAC- (Women's Army Corps) U.S. Army group established during World War II so that women could serve in noncombat roles.
16) Bataan Death March- During World War II, the forced march of American and Filipino prisoners of war under brutal conditions by the Japanese military.
17) Battle of Coral Sea- World War II battle that took place between Japanese and American aircraft carriers.
Created by: Andrew_Clark