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VaUS Midterm Review

Key Terms, People, Events, and Concepts

What were some of the effects of European exploration of the Americas? Redistribution of the world's population Exchange of goos and ideas across continents Establishment of permanent settlements
Virginia and the Southern colonies were settled by people seeking this Economic opportunities
The first permanent English settlement was established here Jamestown
In what year was the first permanent English settlement established? 1607
The New England colonies were settled by people seeking this Religious freedom
Economic Activities of the New England Colonies Fishing Shipbuilding Lumber Trade
Trade routes connecting Europe, Africa, and the New World Triagular Trade
Agreement among the Pilgrims, it provided a basis for self-government in the Plymouth Colony Mayflower Compact
How did the colonies benefit England? The colonies provided England with raw materials and in return bought English goods.
What was a result of the Great Awakening? It led to a rejection of traditional authority.
Why would Britain oppose the colonies manufacturing goods? The British wanted the colonies to purchased manufactured goods from Britain.
He preached a warning to "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" Jonathan Edwards
As the colonial population grew, colonist began to move --- which caused conflct with --- West Native Americans (and the French)
Effects of the French and Indian War Great Britain first taxes the colonists. Colonists begin questioning their relationship with Great Britain.
Author of "Common Sense" Thomas Paine
Advice given to the colonists in "Common Sense" " 'Tis time to part"
Which Enlightenment thinker influence Thomas Jefferson's writing of the Declaration of Independence? John Locke
Identify 3 natural rights Life, Liberty, Property
Battle that started the American Revolution Lexington and Concord
Turning point of the American Revolution Saratoga
Why is Saratoga considered the turning point of the American Revolution? It resulted in the French entering the war to help the Americans win.
Which founding father traveled to France and help to convince the French that they should help the Americans fight the British? Benjamin Franklin
The first attempt by the founding fathers to create a working framework of government Articles of Confederation
Identify several weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation No executive branch Government could not raise taxes Weak federal government No common currency
Why did the authors of the Articles of Confederation create a weak central government? To avoid a strong, dominant government similar to the rule of a king
Father of the Constitution, he wrote the Bill of Rights and the Virginia Plan James Madison
Author of the Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson
System of government in which power is shared between the national (or federal) government and the states Federal system of government (federalism)
To determine representation in the legislative branch, the founding fathers combined parts of two plans, the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan, to create this compromise The Great Compromise
Describe the legislative branch as created by the Great Compromise Two-house legislature (bicameral) House of Representatives (membership based on population) Senate-equal represenation
Two Virginia documents that influenced the Bill of Rights Virginia Declaration of Religious Freedom Virginia Declaration of Rights
To resolve the conflict over how to count enslaved persons in regards to representation, the founding fathers agreed to this compromise 3/5 Compromise
What effect did the Louisiana Purchase have on the United States? It doubled the size of the country.
How did the Louisiana Purchase contradict Jefferson's idea of the role of government? Jefferson had believed in strict construction of the Constitution. He wasn't sure if purchasing the Louisiana Territory was constitutional or not.
Causes of the War of 1812 British interference with American shipping Impressment
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions declared that states had the right to do this... Declare federal laws unconstitutional Declare federal laws null and void
Belief that Americans should own and control the lands from the Atlantic border to the Pacific Ocean Manifest Destiny
Eli Whitney's invention Cotton Gin
Explain the effect of Eli Whitney's invention. The machine could remove seeds from the cotton a lot faster, increasing the production of cotton. However, the number of slaves needed to pick the cotton increased dramatically.
Andrew Jackson's practice of rewarding supporters with government positions Spoils system
What are tariffs? Tax on imported goods
Why would a country pass tariffs? To protect a country's economy
Identify three inventions that helped promote western expansion and industrialism Canals Cotton Gin Railroads
What factor enabled the North to become a center of manufacturing? An abundance of water power
This 1848 meeting in New York was attended by suffragists Seneca Falls Convention
Allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine to enter as a free state Missouri Compromise
Why did Northern states object to Missouri entering the Union as a slave state? It would give the South an advantage in Congress.
List several events leading to the start of the Civil War Uncle Tom's Cabin "Bleeding Kansas" John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry
A result of the Nullification Crisis (states being able to declare a law unconstitutional) was the idea that states could --- from the Union Secede
Act that required all citizens to assist in the return of enslaved people to their owners Fugitive Slave Act
Three parts of the Compromise of 1850 Slavery was abolished in Washington, D.C. California would enter the U.S. as a free state New Mexico and Utah would decide whether or not slavery would be legal in their states
Why did John Brown raid Harper's Ferry? To seize weapons for use in a slave rebellion
William Lloyd Garrison's anti-slavery newspaper The Liberator
Runaway slave who became a prominent abolitionist and encouraged Lincoln to recruit former slaves to fight for the Union Frederick Douglass
He won the Election of 1860 without winning any electoral votes in the South Abraham Lincoln
Name two battles that were turning points of the Civil War Battle of Gettysburg Battle of Vicksburg
Immediate result of Lincoln's election South Carolina seceded from the Union
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
Poll taxes, literacy tests, and grandfather clauses were adopted in the Southern States primarily to keep African Americans from-- exercising their right to vote
The effort to rebuild the South after the Civil War Reconstruction
What was a positive result of Reconstruction? New constitutional amendments expanded the rights of African Americans
Amendment that protects the civil rights of all citizens 14th
Amendment that guarantees voting rights to freedmen 15th
Court case that stated slaves were property Dred Scott (Scot v Sanford)
Veto of the National Bank, Corrupt Bargain,and Trail of Tears are all associated with the presidency of Andrew Jackson
Who issued the Emancipation Proclamation? Abraham Lincoln
Created by: jknoxville