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Ch 15 Vocab Terms

World War 2 1941-1945

TermDefinition
1. Unconditional Surrender Giving up completely without any concessions
2. Saturation Bombing Tactic of dropping massive amounts of bombs in order to inflict maxiumum damage
3. Strategic Bombing Tactic of dropping bombs on key political and industrail targets
4. Tuskegee Airmen African American squadron that escorted bombers in the air war over Europe during World War 2
5. Battle Of Midway Turning World War 2 in the Pacific, in which the Japanese advance was stopped
6. Executive Order 8802 World War 2 measure that assured fair hiring practices in any job funded by the government
7. Bracero Program Plan that brought laborers from Mexico to work on American farms
8. Internment Temporary imprisonment of members of a specific group
9. Korematsu V. United States Supreme Court unheld the goverments
10. 442nd Regimental Combat Team Fought in the Italian campaign and became the most decorated military unit in American history
11. Rationing Government-controlled limits on the amount of certain goods that civilans could buy during wartime
12. OWI (Office of War Information) Government agency that encouraged support of the war effort during WW1
13. D-Day June 6, 1944, the day allies landed on the beaches of Normandy, France
14. Battle of the Bulge In December 1944, Hitler ordered a counterattack on Allied troops in Belgium,, but it crippled Germany by using up reserves and demoralizing its troops
15. Island Hopping WW2 strategy that involved seizing selected Japanese-held islands in the Pacific while bypassing others
16. Kamikaze Japanese pilots who deliberatley crashed planes into American ships during WW2
17. Manhattan Project Code name of the project that developed the atomic bomb
18. Holocaust Name now used to describe the systematic murder of Jews by the Nazis
19. Anti-Semitism Prejudice and discrimination against Jewish people
20. Nurembing Laws Laws enacted by Hitler that denied Germnan citizenship to Jews
21. Kristallnacht "Night of the Broken Glass," organized attacks on Jewish communities in Germany on November 9, 1938
22. Genocide Willful annihilation of a racial, political, or cultural group
23. Concentration Camp Camps used by the Nazis to imprision "undesirable" members of society
24. Death Camp Nazi camp designed for the extermination of prisoners
25. War Refugee Board U.S. government agency founded in 1944 to save Eastern European Jews
26. Yalta Conference 1945 strategy meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin
27. Superpower Powerful country that plays a dominant economic, political, and military role in the world
28. GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) international agreement first signed in 1947 aimed at lowering trade barriers
29. United Nations Organization founded in 1945 to promote peace
30. Universal Declaration of Human Rights Document issused by the UN to promote basic human rights and freedoms
31. Geneva Convention International agreement governing the human treatment of wounded soldiers and prisoners of war
32. Nurembing Trails Trails in which Nazi leaders were charged with war crimes
Created by: Lexibaby0013