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Key Terms- Italian R

the Italian renaissance

Renaissance 'rebirth'; following the Middle Ages, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome.
Humanism anintellectual movement during the Renaissance that focused on the study of worldly subjects, such as poetry and philosophy, and on human potential and achievements.
Secular having to do with wordly,as opposed to religious, matters.
Baldassare Castiglione Italian writer and courtier
Niccolo Machiavelli Italian political writer and statesman
Lorenzo de Medici ruler of Florence and patron of many artists.
Lorenzo da Vinci Italian artist, engineer, and scientist.
Michelangelo Buonarroti Italian painter and sculptor
Raphael Italian Renaissance painter; e painted frescos, his most famous being The School Of Athens.
Johannes Gutenberg German creater of moveable type
Desiderius Erasmus Christian humanist philosopher and writer.
Sir Thomas More fellow humanist and English statesman.
William Shakespeare english play writer and poet
Christine de Pisan Italian writer.
Albrecht Durer german painter
Jan van Eyck Flemish painter
Protestant Reformation a religious movement in the 1500s that split the Christian church in western Europe and led to the establishment of a number of new churches.
Indulgences pardons issued by the pope of Roman Catholic Church that could reduce a soul's time in purgatory; from the 1100s to the 1500's, indulges could be purchased, which led to corruption
Martin Luther german religious reformer
Theocracy a government ruled by religious leaders who claim Gods authority.
John calvin swiss religious reformer
Predestination the belief that at the beginning of time God decided who would gain salvation.
Annulled declared invalid based on church laws.
Elizabeth I queen of England and daughter of Henry VIII.
Counter-Reformation a rebellion of teens and young adults against mainstream American culture in the 1960s
Jesuits Members of a Catholic religious order, the Society of Jesus, founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1534
Ignatius of Loyola Spanish monk and founder of the Jesuits.
Council of Trent a meeting of church leaders in the 1500s whos purpose was to clearly define catholic doctrines for the Catholic Reformation.
Charles Borromeo the archbishop of Milan from 1560-1584
Francis of Sales worked to regain the district of Savory, returned to the Catholic Church.
Teresa of Avila Spanish nun and reformer of the Carmelite order.
Created by: kaylahunt720