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Chapter15_WH_

The Counter Reformation

TermDefinition
Counter Reformation The catholic church's series of reforms in response to the spread of protestantism in the mid 1500s to the early 1600s
Jesuits Members of a Catholic religious order, the society of Jesus, founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1534
Council of Trent a council of the Roman Catholic Church convened in Trento in three sessions between 1545 and 1563 to examine and condemn the teachings of Martin Luther and other Protestant reformers
Ignatius of Loyola A Basque nobleman and former soldier
Charles Borromeo Archbishop of Milan from 1560 to 1584, he took steps to implement the reforms ordered by the council of trent
Francis of Sales Saint Francis de Sales C.O. (Saint François de Sales) (August 21, 1567 – December 28, 1622) was Bishop of Geneva
Teresa of Avila Spanish mystic and religious reformer; author of religious classics and a Christian saint (1515-1582)
Renaissance French for ''Rebirth''
Humanism An intellectual movement during the Renaissance that focused on the study of worldly subjects, such as poetry and philosophy
Secular Having to do with worldly, as opposed to religious matters
Baldassare Castiglione Italian diplomat and writer
Niccolo Machiavelli italian political philosopher and statesman
Leonardo de Vinci Italian painter, scientist, and engineer
Michelangelo Buonarroti Italian renaissance sculpter, archetect, painter, and poet
Raphael Italian renaissance painter
Johannes Gutenburg German inventor and printer
Desiderius Erasmus Dutch priest and humanist; he wrote on the need for a pure and simple Christian life
Sir Thomas More English statesman and author
William Shakespeare English dramatist and poet, considered one of the greatest dramatists of all time.
Christine de Pisan French Poet and author
Albrecht Durer German painter, engraver, and theoetician
Jan van Eyck Flemish painter, painting focused on landscapes and domestic life.
Protestant reformation A religious movement in the 1500s that split the christian church in western Europe that led to the establishment of a number of new churches
Indulgences Pardons issued by the pope of the Roman Catholic Church that could reduce a souls time in purgatory
Martin Luther German monk whose protests against the catholic church in 1517
Theocracy A government ruled by religious leaders who claim Gods authority
John Calvin French Protestant theologian of the reformation, founded calvinism
Predestination The belief that at the beginning of time God decided who would gain salvation
Henry VIII King of England from 1509 to 1547
Annulled Declare
Elizabeth I Queen of England from 1558 to 1603; a skillful politician and diplomat
Created by: Autumn Rhodes
 

 



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