Normal Size Small Size show me how
Politics Exam 2
|What is Justice?
|equality, controbution, proceedual justice, individual vs. social needs
|What is equality?
|Everyone should have equal rights and benifits
|What is an example of natural inequality in the world?
|age, strenth, IQ, and EQ
|What is an example of moral inequality?
|inequality forced upon a person by law or society
|What is amount vs. need?
|does everyone get the same about of help from the government or should aid be a function of need
|What is the problem with controbution?
|equal effortrelated to notion of inequuality beginning at birth
|What is proceedual justice?
|focuses on how decisions are reached. Primaraly concerned with being impartial and not favoring one party over another
|What are arbitrary governmental actions?
|refers to how an action is carried out. Does not refer to the justness or unjustness of law.
|What is an example of arbitrary governmental actions?
|Racial profiling, speeding tickets to red cars more than other colored cars
|What is due process?
|1. laws must be know, or able to be known 2. right to know what you are accused of 3.unbias judges 4. past decisions must be reversable 5. decisions not holding to 1-4 are invalid
|What are the special basic rights?
|1. right to survive 2. right to free speech 3. right to privacy
|What are social needs?
|actions that are not individually just, but are permitted because the end justifies the means
|What is effeciency?
|greatest benifit for least cost
|What is incrementalism?
|greater decision making, loss of radical decicion making
|What is an example of incrementalism?
|"should new meds be approved fast or slow?"
|What is political culture?
|public attitude towards politics and a citizen's perseption of their role towards politics
|What are the 3 levels of political culture?
|1. system 2. process 3. policy
|What is system?
|national identity, nationalism, the attitude in the broadest sense of the legitamacy of the government; people believe authority is correctly placed
|What is process?
|different systems produce different levels of participation
|What are participants?
|Activly involved in political process
|What are subjects?
|Passibly obey the government
|What are parocials?
|Hardly aware of government and politics
|What is policy?
|differnt systems will have different answers to a- how invovled should the government be? b- what is the government responsible for?
|What are the 4 agents of political socialization?
|family, schools, religious institutions, and peer groups
|What are the two "constitutions"?
|Constitution- written constitution- nonwritten
|What are the 3 goals of a constitution?
|*1. Stability- the ability to maintain themselves 2. restraint 3. perminance
|What are the limits of a consitution?
|1. bad at solving specific(better for general perameters) 2. bad a change.. must be some flexibility built in or the constitution will fail, but for the most part, consititutions are rigid.
|List 5 facts about the US Constitution
|first written consitution- now the oldest, establishes the federal government, leads separation of powers, checks and balances, established a procedure for ammending itself
|What are the 7 articles of the Constitution?
|1. legislative branch 2. executive branch 3. judicial branch 4. full faith and credi 5. ammending process 6. supremicy of the confederation 7. provides room for radification
|What are the problems with the articles of confederation?
|1. no power to tax/raise armies 2. national government got power from states 3. unicameral legislature 4. only ammend through unanamous state concent 5. no executive or national judiciary
|What are the 3 types of federalism?
|congruent, incongruent, and corporate
|What is congruent federalism?
|each sub-unit is a minimum representation of the whole
|What is incongruent federalism?
|small units are distinctly different than the whole
|What is corporate federalism?
|autonomy is granted to non-concentrated geographic groups; means federalism is not based on territory
|What is the purpose of federalism?
|group autonomy and administrative decentralization
|What are the secondary characteristics of federalism?
|1. written constitution 2. bicameralism 3. right to ammend constitution 4. overrepresentation of smaller units 5. decentralized government
|What is unicameral?
|What is bicameral?
|2 chambers; house- lower and senate-upper
|What is instrumental voting?
|means to an end type of voting; Example: a person voting in Ohio because it is a swing state
|What is experiential voting?
|to experience voting and be involved in the process, a kind of "civic duty"; Example: voting in Tennessee even though it is always republican