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World War II

Unit Review Sheet

TermDefinition
What domestic institutions demonstrated the United States' isolationism? The U.S. increased tariffs, perpetuated the Red Scare, and restricted immigration.
what was the American First Committee? The group formed in 1940 by the isolationists, including Charles A. Lindbergh Jr. and Herbert Hoover.
WASHINGTON CONFERENCE The gathering of eight principal foreign powers, including President Harding, in 1921, during which Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes called for disarmament in the form of limited navies and a 10-year moratorium on building battleships.
KELLOGG-BRAND ACT a TREATY SIGNED IN 1928 RENOUNCING WAR AS A MEANS OF SOLVING INTERNATIONAL DISPUTES.
NEUTRALITY ACTS SERIES OF LAWS PASSED BY CONGRESS IN 1935 THAT BANNED ARMS SALES OR LOANS TO COUNTRIES AT WAR
What was the "cash and carry" system The process of 1937, in which a purchasing nation would have to pay cash, then carry the goods away on their own ships, thus the U.S. could maintain profitable trade without risking war.
What was the unintended effect of the Neutrality Act of 1939? Hitler had no inhibitions about using submarine warfare to blockade Great Britain.
What was the Lend-Lease Bill of 1941? The congressional legislature that authorized the president to sell, transfer, exchange, lend, lease, or otherwise dispose of arms and other equipment and supplies to any country whose defense he or she deems vital to that defense of the U.S.
CASH AND CARRY The process of 1937, in which a purchasing nation would have to pay cash, then carry the goods away on their own ships, thus the U.S. could maintain profitable trade without risking war.
APPEASEMENT The strategy of the Western democracies, in which they allowed the fascist dictators to conquer territory and hoped, each time, that the territory would be enough. Policy of granting concessions in order to keep the peace
BELLIGERENTS taking part in war or fighting; ready to fight
Treaty of Versailles this treaty failed to establish a lasting peace in Europe after World War I and consequently set the stage for WW II
He used the Treaty of Versailles and Anti-semitism to gain power in Germany Adolf Hitler
Hitler gained power in Germany and began to violate the Treaty of Versailles by rebuilding the German military and invading neighboring countrie
AXIS POWERS ALLIANCE OF GERMANY, ITALY, AND JAPAN DURING WW II
ALLIED POWERS ALLIANCE OF GREAT BRITAIN, SOVIET UNION, U.S. AND FRANCE
What were the major causes of WWII? Great Depression of the 1930s - people financially struggling, rise of dictators, failure of the WWI Treaty of Versailles (to demilitarize Germany & the League of Nations' attempt to keep peace), militarism
Totalitarianism a system of highly centalized govt. one political group exercises absolute & centralized control over all aspects of life
Facism a system of govt. marked by centralization of authority under a oppresive dictator, stringent socioeconomic controls
Who was Benito Mussolini? The Fascist dictator of Italy, Il Duce, who gained power in 1922 with the promise of restoring order to Italy
Who was Adolf Hitler? The Nazi (National Socialist German Workers') dictator of Germany, who took power in 1933, removed Germany from the League of Nations, and began the Holocaust.
Josesph Stalin The Nazi (National Socialist German Workers') dictator of Germany, who took power in 1933, removed Germany from the League of Nations, and began the Holocaust.
National Socialist party of Germany. NAZI The Depression gave rise to this party in Germany
Anti-Semitism Discrimination or hatred of Jews.
Militarism Build up and glorification of the military
Emperor Hirohito and Hideki Tojo Japan was led by Emperor _________ and General _____________ during World War II
Created by: charlene Halsman