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Early 1960s

American History

TermDefinition
Lyndon B. Johnson Became president after JFK was assassinated.
Berlin Wall Prevented the communist east people from escaping to the free west.
John F. Kennedy First Roman Catholic to be elected president.
Richard Nixon Ran against Kennedy and lost.
Neil Armstrong First person to walk on the moon.
Yuri Gagarin First person to orbit the earth-Soviet
Lee Harvey Oswald Shot and killed JFK.
Jack Ruby Shot and killed Lee Harvey Oswald.
Nikita Krushchev Soviet leader
Fidel Castro Cuban leader
Bay of Pigs Failed military invasion that made Kennedy look bad.
Cuban Missile Crisis Castro allowed Soviets to place missiles on Cuban soil pointed towards the U.S.
Alliance for Progress Gave poor Latin American countries money to try to help them and make them like us so they would not turn to communism.
Limited Test Ban Theory Made them stop testing nuclear weapons in the air.
Warren Commission Determined that JFK was killed by only one person and that it was not a conspiracy.
New Frontier Kennedy's plan to win the space race, help solve problems in other countries and end poverty.
The Great Society Johnson's plan to help get people out of poverty and give people equal rights.
Woodstock Peaceful rock concert in the middle of a field.
Peace Corps Created to send volunteers into poor countries to help them create programs and hopefully keep them from turning to Communism.
John Glenn First American to orbit the earth.
Counterculture Group of people that went against traditional American lifestyles; hippies.
Communes People living together as a group sharing everything.
Hotline of 1963 Easier communication during a crisis
Hippie Movement Long hair, colorful beads, tie-dyed clothing, ragged jeans
"Flexible response" military strategy allowed U.S. to fight limited wars
"Tune in, turn on, drop out" Move away from established lives and create a life of peace and harmony
Goal of the Bay of Pigs Invasion Get rid of Castro
Created by: Ensmingern