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US Checks and Balanc

Review for unit on checks and balances

TermDefinition
Constitution Supreme Law of the Land
Amendments Change or addition to the Constitution
Bill of Rights Amendments 1-10
Ratify Approve a law or amendment
Articles of Confederation Weak government
Great Compromise NJ Plan & VA Plan which creates bicameral Congress today
3/5 Compromise Every 5 slaves were counted as 3 people
Separation of Powers 3 branches & checks and balance
Legislature Congress that creates laws
House of Representatives lower house made of up of representatives
Senate Upper house in Congress = 2 per state
Veto Reject a law - President
Override Veto Congress votes over a President's veto of a law
Confirmation Senate approves a President's judge nomination
Approves Treaty Senate checks President
Federalism Balance of power between federal and state governments
Delegated Powers Powers given to the federal government by the Constitution
Reserve Powers Powers given to the state governments (not written in the constitution)
Concurrent Powers Powers both state and federal governments have (i.e. tax)
Judicial Review Supreme Court finds a law or action by the federal or state government unconstitutional
Unwritten Laws Political Parties, Judicial Review and President's Cabinet
Created by: sandoval76