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Respiratory Exam 3

MASH

QuestionAnswer
In what meatus does the Maxillary Sinus drain? Middle meatus via infundibulum into
In what meatus does the Frontal Sinus drain? Middle meatus via frontonasal duct & ethmoidal infundibulum
Give 2 landmarks present on medial surface of right lung, but not the left. Grooves for the superior & inferior vena cava
What internally corresponds to alae of the nose; has sweat glands & hairs? Vestibule
Located bw anterior end of middle concha and the dorsum of the nose; site of an anterior ethmoidal air cell? Agger nasi
Define a bronchopulmonary segment? Portion of lung supplied with air from a tertiay bronchus & its subsequent branches
Immediated structure that receives ostium of the frontonasal duct? Ethmoidal infundibulum
What is the vertebral level of tracheal bifurcation? T4/5
What is the vertebral level of hiatus of the inferior vena cava? T8
Give the origin of the lumbar part of the diaphragm? Arises from the vertebral column as left & right crura. Also arises from fascial thickenings termed lateral & medial arculate ligaments
Give 2 components of lateral wall of the nasopharynx? Ostia of auditory tubes & pharnygeal muscles
Place in which the sphenoid sinus drains? Sphenoethmoidal recess
Meatus into which the nasolacrimal duct drains? Inferior meatus
Define the root of the lung? Structures passing through the hilus of the lung
Name two pleural recesses? Give function? Structural composition? Costodiaphragmatic & Castomediastinal All for expansion of the lungs during inspiration. Parietal pleura.
Fissure that separates the upper and middle lobes of the right lung? Horizontal
Structure that supports the tracheal bifurcation? Carina
Hypertrophied lymphatic components on the roof of the nasopharynx? Adenoids
Structure which drains into the inferior meatus? Nasolacrimal Duct
What laryngeal muscles aBduct the vocal cords? Posterior cricoarytenoid
What laryngeal muscles approximates the arytenoid c artilages? Transverse arytenoid
Slit like opening between the false vocal cords Rima vestibule
Larynheal cartilage located on the upper edge of the quadrangular membrane? Cuneiform Cartilages
Describe the motor innvervation to the larnyx? To intrinisic muscles-recurrent laryngeal N of vagus To cricothyroid-external branch of superior laryngeal N of vagus
Entrance to larynx? Aditus
Space bw true and false vocal cords? Rima vestibule
This structure passes upward from the arch of the cricod cartilage, on its upper edge it is thickened to form the vocal ligaments? Conus Elasticus
Opening of ethmoidal infundibulum into the meatus? Semilunar hiatus
Ridge w/in the nasal cavitiy separating stratified squamous from respiratory mucosa? Limen nasi
What mucsles of the larynx lengthens and tightens vocal cords, this increasing pitch? Cricothyroid
What muscle of the larynx insert on the muscular process of the arytenoid and rotates the cartilage medially but does not pull the cartilage anteriorly? Lateral cricoarytenoid
A sharp mucosal covered ridge of the middle meatus? Uncinate process
Besides the aorta, list 2 other structures that pass through the aortic hiatus? Thoracic duct and azygos V
Voluntary control over the urge to micturate involves what? Elvation of levator ani muscles
Swelling in the middle meatus, marks the postion of an ethmoidal air cell Ethmoid bulla
Specific structure responsible for forming the limen nasi? Lateral nasal cartilage
Name given to the parietal pleura over apex of lung? Cupula
Name the bony components forming the roof of the nasal cavity? Nasal bone, frontal bone, cubiform plate of ethmoid, body of sphenoid
Left lung homologue of the middle lobe of right lung? Lingula
What muscle of the larynx is an antagonist to the cricothyroid muscle? Thyroarytenoid
What muscle of the larynx extendes from posterior surface of the cricoid lamina to the muscular process of the arytenoid cartilage? Posterior cricoarytenoid
Strucutre over which the mucosa of the larynx is reflected to form the vestibular fold Quadrangular membrane
Slit like opening bw the TRUE vocal cords? Rima Glottidis
Structure which has a lateral and a medial crus to hold open the nostrils Greater alar cartilage
Vertebral level of aortic hiatus? T12
Vertebral level of esophageal hiatus? T10
Muscles of the larynx that act as a sphincter of laryngeal inlet? Oblique arytenoid with aryepiglottic muscles
Muscles of the larynx not innervated by reccurent laryngeal n? Cricothyroid
Antagonistic to the posterior cricoarytenoid? Lateral cricoarytenoid
Located immediately medial to the thyroarytenoid, it acts to tense the vocal cords? Vocalis
Created by: wizdumbslp