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APUSH 1920's-FDR

Mrs.Howser's class, 1920s through Great Depression

QuestionAnswer
Warren Harding 29th president 1921-1923, republican. He died in office, from the stress after the scandal that happened during his administration.
Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act (1922) A law in the united states that created a Tariff Commission to raise or lower by 50%. This was a post-war republican defense against expected European exports. Retaliatory tariffs sprang up.
Bureau of the Budget Part of the Domestic Policy, with procedures for all government expenditures to be placed in a single budget for congress to review and vote on.
Teapot Dome Scandal In 1924, Congress discovered that the Secretary of Interior Albert B. Fall had accepted bribes for granting oil leases near Teapot Dome, Wyoming. And Attorney General Harry M. Daugherty also took bribes for not prosecuting criminal suspects.
Calvin Coolidge Harding's vice president and successor, he was known for not saying anything. He was a large supporter of business.
Herbert Hoover 31st president, he watched the stock market crash and figured it would just be a small panic.
Alfred E. Smith The democratic opponent of Hoover, he was a Roman Catholic and an opponent of prohibition, he appealed to many of immigrant voters.
Business Propspreity A Business boom led by a spectacular rise of 64% in manufacturing output between 1919-1929 and resulted from several factors, increased productivity, energy technologies, and government policy.
Henry Ford Manufacturer of automobiles, created the first mechanical assembly line and pioneered the new age of manufacturing.
Assembly Line A series of workers and machines in a factory by which a succession of identical items is progressively assembled.
Open Shop Keeping jobs open to non-union workers
Welfare Capitalism Companies voluntarily offered their employees improved benefits and higher wages in order to remove the need for organizing unions.
Jazz Age Brought by African American musicians to the north, it became a symbol of the "new" and "modern" culture of the cities.
Automobiles Automobiles replaced the need for railroads and after a decade there was nearly 1 car per family.
Charles Lindberg An aviator who flying non-stop across the Atlantic from Long-Island to Paris. He was a national hero, and the entire nation listened in to the radio to hear of his flight.
Margaret Sanger Birth control activist who was arrested for distributing and teaching birth control practices
Modernism Protestants who accepted Darwin's idea of evolution without abandoning their religious faith.
Fundamentalism Protestants who believe in creationism
Bill Sunday A radio speaker who drew large crowds as he attacked drinking, gambling, and dancing.
Aimee Semple McPherson An evangelist who was one of the first to preach through the radio, she condemned the evils of communism and jazz music
Gertrude Stein An American art collector who called the writers of the age the "lost generation"
Lost Generation The writers who's dominant themes were sacrifices of wartime as a fraud perpetrated by money interests
F. Scott Fitzgerald Wrote the Great Gatsby, was one of the writers of the "Lost Generation"
Ernest Hemingway Wrote From whom the bell tolls, was one of the writers of the "lost generation"
Sinclair Lewis Wrote Babbit, was one of the writers of the "lost generation"
Ezra Pound, T.S. Eliot Poets of the "lost generation"
Frank Lloyd Wright Architect, brought the idea of functionalism to the field of architecture.
functionalism An idea in architecture, form follows function
Edward Hopper and Georgia O'Keeffe Painters of the 20s
Harlem Renaissance A literary movement in Harlem that symbolized black pride and made many talents known.
Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes, James Weldon Johnson, Claude McKay Poets of the Harlem Renaissance their poems expressed a range of emotions from bitterness and resentment to joy and hope
Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, Bessie Smith, Paul Robeson Musicians and actors of the Harlem Renaissance, they found themselves and their audiences segregated in the nation.
Marcus Garvey A advocated individual and racial pride for African Americans and developed political ideas of black nationalism. Established an organization for black self-sufficiency, and a back-to-africa movement.
Scopes Trial A trial which included a small town convicting a science teacher for teaching evolution. It was a huge example of fundamentalism
Clarence Darrow The lawyer who represented John Scopes in the Scopes trial.
Prohibition Prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages in the 18th amendment
Volstead Act (1919) Supported the 18th amendment to stop everyone from drinking
Organized crime Gangs and Mafia they run businesses and work together to defraud others.
Immigration Quota Laws (1921,1924) "national origins act" established quotas for immigration to the US immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe were sharply curtailed, while immigrants from Asia were shut out completely. 1921:3%, 1924: 2%
Sacco and Vanzetti A case that symbolized nativism in this era where two Italian's were unfairly tried and convicted under very little evidence and were executed.
Ku Klux Klan An extremist group, who was against every one except White Protestant Males. They were cloaked in sheets and terrorized freedmen. And were glorified in the movie "the birth of a nation"
Disarmament Reducing, Limiting or abolishing weapons after the war because there was no need for it.
Washington Conference A hope to stabilize the size of the US navy relative to that of other nations. Came up with the 5-power treaty, the 4-power treaty, and the 9-power treaty.
Kellogg-Briand Treaty A sentimental triumph of the peace movemnt, linked 62 nations in the outlaw of war.
Dawes Plan An arrangement negotiated in 1924 to reschedule German reparations payments. It stabilized German currency and opened the way for further American private loans to Germany.
Speakeasies Bars or clubs that smuggled liquor was sold.
Black Tuesday The fall of the stock market after millions had invested in the boom market.
Dow Jones Index Measure of stock prices.
Hawley-Smoot Tariff Highest Tariff in American History
Farm Board An attempt by Hoover to create a domestic programs before the economic crash, it's powers were later enlarged to meet the economic crisis, it helped farmers stabilize the prices by temporarily holding surplus gran and cotton.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation A measure to help failing railroads, banks, life ensurance companies, and other financial institutions. Gave out emergency loans to help these "key businesses", it would trickle down to smaller businesses.
Bonus March A march of WW1 veterans demanding a bonus and immediate payment of them.
Twentieth Amendment Presidential election and inauguration closer together
Brain Trust A group of educated men who advised FDR and helped develop the politics of the new deal
Frances Perkins The 1st woman in the presidential cabinet
Bank Holiday The order from FDR to close all banks and only open those who are trustworthy.
Repeal of Prohibition 21st amendment
Fireside Chats FDR speaking on the radio casually telling everyone what they were going to do next.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Granted individuals up to $5,000 in bank deposits
Public Works Administration Harold Ickes, allotted money to state and local governments for building roads, bidges, dams, and other public works.
Harold Ickes The leader of the PWA
CCC Employed young men on projects on federal lands and paid their families small monthly sums
Tennessee Valley Authority Government hired thousands of people to try to improve one of the most impoverished areas of the country
National Recovery Administration Directed by Hugh Johnson, attempted to guarnatee fair profits and hours of labor.
Schecter v. US Declared the NRA unconstitutional
Works Progress Administration Under Hopkins employed thousands, constructed new bridges, roads, airports, and public buildings. Unemployed artists, writers, and actors were paid to pain murals, write histories, and perform in plays
Harry Hopkins The leader of the WPA
National Labor Relatons Wagner Act, replaced labor provisions of the NIRA, guaranteed worker's right to join a union and a unions right to bargain collectively.
Fair Labor Standards Act Made unions legal
Marian Anderson African American Opera singer who got to perform on the lincoln memorial
Wheeler-Howard Act Indian Reorganization, returned lands to the control of tribes and supported the preservation of Native American cultures.
Created by: adrienne97