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endocrine medcat

QuestionAnswer
Hormones of hypothalamus all peptide releasing/inhibiting factors
Hormones of Anterior Pituitary all peptide GH prolactin tropic hormones - TSH, ACTH gonadotropic hormones - LH, FSH
Hormones of Posterior Pituitary all peptide ADH oxytocin
Hormones of Thyroid TH (aa derivative) calcitonin (peptide)
Hormones of Parathyroid peptide PTH
Hormones of Thymus peptide thymosin (children only)
Hormones of Adrenal Medulla epinephrine (aa derivative)
Hormones of Adrenal Cortex all steroids cortisol aldosterone sex steroids
Hormones of islets of Langerhans all peptide B cells - insulin A cells - glucagon D cells - somatostatin (SS)
Hormones of Testes steroid, testosterone
Hormones of Ovaries/placenta steroids estrogen progesterone
Hormones of Heart peptide, atrial natriuretic factor (ANF)
Hormones of Kidney peptide, erythropoietin
GH increase bone and muscle growth, increase cell turnover rt
prolactin milk production
TSH increase synth and release of TH from thyroid
ACTH increase growth and secretory activity of adrenal cortex
LH ovary: ovulation testes: testosterone syth
FSH ovary: follicle development testes: spermatogenesis
ADH, vasopresin kidney/ water retention
oxytocin lactation, uterine contraction
TH child: physical and mental development adult: increases metabolic rate and temperature
calcitonin bone + kidney/ decreases serum [Ca2+]
PTH bone + kidney + sm. intestine/ increases serum [Ca2+]
thymosin T cell development in CHILDHOOD
epinephrine rapid sympathetic stress response
cortisol long term stress response
aldosterone kidney/ increases Na+ reabsorption to raise bp
insulin decrease blood glucose
glucagon increase blood glucose
somatostatin (SS) inhibit many digestive processes
testosterone male characteristics, spermatogenesis
estrogen female characteristics, endometrial growth
progesterone endometrial secretion, pregnancy
atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) kidney/ increases urination to decrease bp
erythropoietin bone marrow/ increases RBC synth
Created by: jesters