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Chapt 17 8th SS

Creating America Chapter 17

QuestionAnswer
Which Amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1865, banned slavery and involuntary servitude in the U.S.? The 13th Amendment
African American regiment organized to fight for the Union in the Civil War. 54th Massachusetts
A battle at what Southern fort brought fame to the 54th Massachusetts Regiment? Fort Wagner
What did Robert E. Lee hope to accomplish by invading the North in June of 1863 in hopes of a Confederate victory? Convincing European nations to aid the South and forcing an early end to the war.
Which 1863 Confederate defeat ended hopes for a Confederate victory in the North? Battle of Gettysburg
What Confederate general attacked the center of the Union army at the Battle of Gettysburg? George Pickett
What was the result of Pickett’s Charge? The Confederates suffered immense casualties and were forced to withdraw in defeat.
What 1863 Union victory enabled the Union to control the Mississippi? Siege of Vicksburg
What Union plan did the Siege of Vicksburg complete? The Anaconda Plan
What former actor and Confederate supporter carried out an assassination plot against Abraham Lincoln? John Wilkes Booth
A law that required men to serve in the military or be drafted Conscription
Northern Democrats who criticized Lincoln and favored peace with the South. Copperheads
What executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, freed the slaves in all regions in rebellion against the Union? The Emancipation Proclamation
Where did the Emancipation Proclamation free the slaves? It only freed the slaves in the Confederacy.
What else did the Emancipation Proclamation also allow African American men to do? Enlist in the army and organize black regiments
What did the success of the Emancipation Proclamation allow Lincoln to push for in Congress? 13th Amendment
What were some jobs women performed during the Civil War? Factory worker, Nurse, Spy
How did Southern cotton farmers aid the war effort? They plowed under their cotton and planted food for the Confederate soldiers.
Paper currency issued during the war to ensure people had money to spend. Greenbacks
Tax on a person’s earnings Income Tax
What were some results of Sherman’s March to the Sea? Supply lines were disrupted when railroads were destroyed. Crops and livestock were destroyed, and plantations burned. Robert E. Lee’s army was cut off from the rest of the South. Southern morale was at a low point. Lincoln won re-election.
How many soldiers died in the Civil War on both sides? 620,000
What were the effects of the Civil War on the nation? The national government grew. The Northern economy grew. The Southern economy was devastated.
What was Lincoln’s opinion about the South after the war? He believed we needed to rebuild our nation, not punish our brothers.
What were Lincoln’s orders to Grant regarding Lee’s surrender? Grant was to give Lee generous terms of surrender.
Where did Robert E. Lee surrender his forces to General Ulysses Grant? Appomattox Court House, Virginia
Name 3 important Union Generals George McClellan, Ulysses S Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman
Name 3 important Confederate Generals. Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, George Pickett
Created by: judi829