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U5 Protecting Rights

What rights are protected by our government?

This clause states that congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. Establishment Clause
This amendment abolished slavery. 13th Amendment
This amendment guaranteed the right to vote to men regardless of their race, color, or previous condition of servitude. 15th Amendment
This amendment gave 18 year olds the right to vote. 26th Amendment
This amendment granted African Americans full citizenship. 14th Amendment
This amendment gave women the right to vote. 19th Amendment
When you are added to a list which is used to keep people from voting more than once. voter registration
A movement that started in the 1950's. Its goal was to end unfair treatment of African Americans by the government. Civil Rights Movement
Supreme Court case that decided that seperate but equal was okay. This led to legal segregation in our country for more than 60 years. Plessy v. Ferguson
A tax that was put in to place to force voters to pay. poll tax
This stops Congress from passing laws that state you have to have a religion or from practicing whatever religion you choose. Free Exercise Clause
This is the most important Constitutional protection that people have against unfair discrimination by state and local governments. Equal Protection Clause
These laws required African Americans to go to seperate schools and use seperate facilities, they were used to further oppress African Americans in the U.S. after slavery. Jim Crow laws
It ended segregation in public places such as restaurants and hotels. The law also stated that employers could not discriminate against people because of their race, national origin, religion, or gender. Civil Rights Act of 1964
This Supreme Court case reversed Plessy v. Ferguson (separate but equal). It said that just because it was separate did not mean it was equal. Brown v. Board of Education
Voters had to prove that they could read in order to vote, these were aimed at preventing former slaves from voting. literacy tests
This stated that if your grandfather had not voted in the last election then you could not vote, this was also aimed at preventing former slaves from voting. Grandfather clause
Why was the Dawes Act so unpopular among Native Americans? Because it forced them to give up their allegiance to their tribes in exchange for voting rights.
What are the five freedoms that the First Amendment gives? Speech, Assembly, Press, Petition, and Religion
What were some of the ways that the government has kept African Americans from voting throughout our history? Did not gran them voting rights after the Revolutionary War, poll taxes, literacy tests, grandfather clauses.
When the Constitution was passed what were the voting requirements? White male, who owned land, and was over the age of 21.
What are some of the benefits of freedom of expression? It helps to maintain a representative democracy, advance knowledge, develop individuals and human dignity, a way to have peaceful social change.
In what circumstances can the government limit your freedom of expression? If it is a danger to public safety, national security, or some other important interest.
When can the government limit your religious practices? If they are contrary to public morals, endanger health, or harm the common good.
Created by: 561814611