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Chapter 13 Vocab

Chapter 13 Vocabulary

1) New Deal- Programs and legislation enacted by Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression to promote economic recovery and social reform.
2) Fireside chat- Informal radio broadcasts in which the FDR explained issues and New Deal programs to average Americans.
3) FDIC- (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation) government agency that insures bank deposits, guaranteeing that depositors' money will be safe.
4) TVA- (Tennessee Valley Authority) government agency that built dams in the Tennessee River valley to control flooding and generate electric power.
5) CCC- (Civilian Conservation Corps) New Deal program that provided young men with relief jobs on environmental conservation projects, including reforestation and flood control.
6) NRA- (National Recovery Administration) New Deal agency that promoted economic recovery by regulating production, prices, and wages.
7) PWA- (Public Works Administration) New Deal agency that provided millions of jobs constructing buildings.
8) Second New Deal- Legislative activity begun by Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1935 to solve problems created by the Great Depression.
9) WPA- (Works Progress Administration) Key New Deal agency that provided work relief through various public works projects.
10) Pump priming- Economic theory that favored public works projects because they put money into the hands of consumers who would buy more goods, stimulating the economy.
11) Social Security Act- 1935 law that set up a pension system for retirees, established unemployment insurance, and created insurance for victims of work-related accidents; provided aid for poverty-stricken mothers and children, the blind, and the disabled.
12) Wagner Act- New Deal law that abolished unfair labor practices, recognized the rights of employees to organize labor unions, and gave workers the right to collective bargaining.
13) Collective Bargaining- Process in which employers negotiate with labor unions about hours, wages, and other working conditions.
14) Fair Labor Standards Act- 1938 law that set a minimum wage, a maximum workweek of 44 hours, and outlawed child labor.
15) CIO- (Congress of Industrial Organization) labor organization founded in the 1930s that resented unskilled workers industrial workers.
16) Sit-down strikes- Labor protest in which workers stop working and occupy the workplace until their demands are met.
17) Court packing- FDR plan to add up to six new justices to the nine-member Supreme Court after the Court had ruled that some New Deal legislation was unconstitutional.
18) Black Cabinet- Group of African American leaders who served as unofficial advisers to Franklin D. Roosevelt.
19) Indian New Deal- 1930s legislation that gave Indians greater control over their affairs and provided funding for schools and hospitals.
20) New Deal Coalition- Political force formed by diverse groups who united to support Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal.
21) Welfare state- Government that assumes responsibility for providing for the welfare of the poor, elderly, sick, and unemployed.
22) The Wizard of Oz- One of the memorable depression-era films that delivered a good laugh, a good cry, a lyrical song, and by seeing good triumph over evil.
23) War of the Worlds- A drama broadcasted over the radio in 1938 by Orsen Welles, that was so realistic that many people believed they were actually being invaded by martians.
24) Federal Art Project- Division of the Works Progress Administration that hired unemployed artists to create artworks for public buildings and sponsored art-education programs and exhibitions.
25) Mural- A large picture painted directly on the a wall or ceiling.
Created by: Andrew_Clark