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EOC Chapters 20, 21

Politics of the Roaring Twenties; Life in the Twenties

TermDefinition
isolationism a policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs
communism an economic and political system based on a single-party government ruled by a dictatorship-- all property is controlled by the state
anarchists people who oppose any form of government
Sacco and Vanzetti Italian anarchists tried, convicted, and executed for killing a railroad paymaster; widely believed to have been convicted at least partially because of prejudice
John Lewis leader of the United Mine Workers of America
Fordney-McCumber Tariff raised taxes on some U.S. imports to 60 percent during the 1920s
Ohio Gang President Harding's poker buddies, many of whom were also corrupt government officials
Teapot Dome Scandal scandal in which Sec. of Interior Albert Fall got oil reserves transferred from the Navy to the Dept. of the Interior, then leased the land to two oil companies and took kickbacks
installment plan putting a little money down and paying on time for a given item
Prohibition Time during which the manufacture, sale, distribution, and consumption of alcohol were prohibited
speakeasy illegal bar
bootlegger seller of illegal alcohol
fundamentalism the practice of believing that the Bible should be accepted as literally true in all respects
Clarence Darrow famous defense attorney who defended John Scopes in the famous "monkey" trial
Scopes Trial a trial of a teacher arrested for teaching evolution in a Tennessee school
flapper an emancipated young woman who embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes of the day
double standard a set of principles granting greater sexual freedom to men than to women
Charles Lindbergh first man to fly solo nonstop across the Atlantic Ocean `
George Gershwin composer who mixed elements of classical music and jazz; famous for his Rhapsody in Blue
Georgia O'Keefe avant-garde artist who painted subjects including New York in its splendor, as well as flowers
Sinclair Lewis author who wrote (in novel form) commentaries on American life in the 20s such as Babbitt and Main Street
F. Scott Fitzgerald twenties author probably most famous for The Great Gatsby
Edna St. Vincent Millay 20s poet who often wrote of youth and independent, free life
Ernest Hemingway 20s and 30s writer who introduced a tough, simplified writing style
James Weldon Johnson poet, lawyer, and NAACP lawyer in the 20s
Marcus Garvey immigrant from Jamaica who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association
Harlem Renaissance a literary and artistic movement celebrating African-American culture centered in Harlem, New York City
Claude Mckay Jamaican immigrant novelist and poet who advocated resisting racism
Langston Hughes arguably the best-known poet of the Harlem Renaissance
Paul Robeson African-American actor and singer and a supporter of the Communist Party
Louis Armstrong arguably the best jazz trumpet player ever to live
Duke Ellington African-American musician and bandleader who greatly influenced jazz and performed with his band at the legendary Cotton Club
Bessie Smith African American blues singer who was, perhaps, the outstanding vocalist of the 20s
Created by: willsong