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EOC Chapter 19

World War I

TermDefinition
nationalism devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation
militarism the development of armed forces and their use as a tool of diplomacy
Allies France, Britain, Russia, and later, the United States
Archduke Franz-Ferdinand heir apparent to the Austro-Hungarian Imperial Throne, the assassination of whom started World War I
no-man's land barren expanse of ground between trenches, constantly covered by rifles, machine guns, and artillery
Lusitania British liner sunk by the Germans; helped bring the U.S. into WWI
Zimmerman Note telegram from German foreign minister to German ambassador in Mexico-- proposed alliance between Mexico and Germany against the U.S.
Eddie Rickenbacker best U.S. flying ace of WWI; also a racecar driver
Selective Service Act required men to register with the government in order to be randomly selected for military service
convoy system system in which a guard of destroyers escorted merchant ships back and forth across the Atlantic in groups
AEF (American Expeditionary Force) American soldiers sent to fight in WWI
John Pershing leader of the AEF (a native Missourian, by the way)
Alvin York conscientious objector who later changed his status and became a war hero
conscientious objector person who opposes participation in war on moral grounds
armistice truce
War Industries Board main U.S. government regulator of production during WWI
Bernard Baruch leader of the War Industries Board
propaganda biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions
George Creel head of the Committee on Public Information
Espionage and Sedition Acts acts that made it a crime to say or do anything interfering with the war effort or the government
Great Migration the large-scale movemement of hundreds of thousands of blacks to cities in the North
Schenck v. United States court case that established the "clear and present danger test" to determine what constitutes protected and non-protected speech
Fourteen Points proposals Woodrow Wilson made to stop wars after WWI
League of Nations international organization designed to address diplomatic crises like those that had sparked WWI
Treaty of Versailles treaty formally ending World War I
war-guilt clause part of the Treaty of Versailles forcing Germany to admit sole responsibility for starting World War I
Henry Cabot Lodge conservative U.S. Senator who objected to the inclusion of the U.S. in the League of Nations
Created by: willsong