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EOC Chapter 18

American Imperialism

TermDefinition
imperialism a policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker territories
Alfred T. Mahan wrote The Influence of Sea Power Upon History-- advocated the buildup of naval power to compete with other nations
Pearl Harbor natural harbor in Hawaii coveted by U.S. Navy officials
Sanford Dole businessman who ran the government that overthrew Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii
Jose Marti Cuban poet and journalist who tried to organize Cuban resistance against Spain
Valeriano Weyler Spanish general who tried brutally to quell the Cuban rebellion using concentration camps
yellow journalism sensational style of news writing emphasizing sin, sex, and sensationalism, and playing loosely with facts
U.S.S. Maine American battleship that blew up in Havana Harbor-- US yellow journalists used the event to push for war with Spain. Remember the Maine!
George Dewey Admiral who led the American fleet to victory over the Spanish in Manila Bay in the Philippines
Rough Riders volunteer cavalry under the command of Leonard Wood and Theodore Roosevelt who deployed to Cuba
San Juan Hill site of an American victory in the Spanish-American War-- newspapers declared T. Roosevelt a hero of the battle, although he was only marginally involved
Foraker Act Congressional Act ending military rule in Puerto Rico and setting up a civil government
Platt Amendment amendment to the new Cuban constitution created by the U.S. which gave the U.S. the right to intervene in Cuba, buy or lease land there, limit treaties made by Cuba, and control how much debt Cuba could incur
protectorate a country whose affairs are partially controlled by a stronger power
Emilio Aguinaldo Filipino guerilla leader who fought against US annexation of the islands
Open Door Notes letters addressed to imperialist nations (written by John Hay) that suggested these nations share trading rights in China with the US, creating an open door
Boxer Rebellion unsuccessful Chinese rebellion of martial artists who attempted to rid China of "foreign devils"
Panama Canal canal ultimately built by the US to facilitate trade and movement of navies from the Atlantic to the Pacific and the opposite
Roosevelt Corollary addition to the Monroe Doctrine that Roosevelt said would compel the US to deal with any civil unrest in Latin America by means of police power
Francisco "Pancho" Villa Mexican rebel who fought against the government of Carranza
Created by: willsong