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Chapter 15 Cold War

Chapter 15 questions and answers

QuestionAnswer
Which of the following was a result of the German invasion of the Soviet Union The United States offered military equipment to a country viewed as a potential enemy in order to defeat the greater threat
World events in the late summer and fall of 1949 caused the second Red Scare
Which of the following was the sequence in which tests of the policy of containment occurred economic aid to Greece and Turkey, followed by the Berlin Crisis, followed by the Korean War
Which of the following events helped fuel the second Red Scare Soviet detonation of an atomic bomb
What was one difference between the Nationalists and Communists in China The Nationalists received support from the United States; the Communists did not
How were North and South Korea similar prior to the Korean War Both the North and the South were occupied by Allied troops
Which of the following leaders wanted to reunify Korea under Communist control Kim Il Sung
Why was the conflict in Korea called a police action The United States never officially declared war
What was one difference between the governments of post-World War II Poland and Yugoslavia Yugoslavia’s government refused to take orders from the Soviet Union; Poland’s did not
What was the biggest reason why Truman won the election of 1948 He was able to shift the blame for the failure of domestic programs to the Republican Congress
U.S. actions in China after World War II demonstrated that the United States was willing to support corrupt governments in order to stop the spread of communism
Why is the most likely reason Kim Il Sung chose to invade South Korea in June 1950 American troops had recently withdrawn from South Korea
The foreign policy that aimed to stop communism from spreading was called containment
Why did President Truman fire General Douglas MacArthur MacArthur made public statements challenging the authority of the president
What did HUAC investigate in the 1950s domestic Communist threats
What kept the U.S. economy strong after World War II The demand for consumer goods rose sharply after the war
Represented one of the first efforts of the United Nations to fulfill its mission adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The staggering number of casualties in the final two months of the Korean War showed that both sides were willing to lose many soldiers to gain a small amount of territory
Why did the United States not share the plan to develop that atomic bomb with the Soviet Union during World War II The United States did not trust the Soviet Union
Why was Joseph McCarthy able to wage a successful anti-Communist campaign Americans were looking for someone to blame for recent Communist victories
Why did the United States and Britain begin the Berlin airlift to prevent all of Berlin from becoming Communist
How might a member of Congress in 1950 have defended the passage of the McCarran Act Freedom of speech should be protected at all costs
Why was the United States able to implement the Marshall Plan after World War II The country did not suffer the economic devastation that European countries faced
Where were details of the armistice agreement that ended the Korean War negotiated Panmunjom
Who were Ethel and Julius Rosenberg convicted spies
In his speech to Congress about the situation in Korea, President Truman was demonstrating his support for the policy of containment
The problem with Truman’s Fair Deal was that it did not receive support in Congress
Why was the United States willing to send hundreds of millions of dollars in aid to Greece and Turkey in 1947 policymakers believed the aid would help these countries resist Soviet pressure
What effect did Churchill’s Iron Curtain speech have on the tensions of the Cold War It heightened tensions because Stalin used the speech as an excuse to spend Soviet resources on rebuilding the military
Although the fighting on the Korean Peninsula has come to be known as the Korean War, the United States never officially declared war
Was partially responsible for the smooth shift from wartime to consumer economy after World War II baby boom
Won the presidential election of 1948 Harry S. Truman
Case that frightened many people into testifying before HUAC the Hollywood Ten
Early in the Korean War, UN forces were contained by North Korea forces around the city of Pusan
Justified giving economic aid to the governments that were resisting the Soviet Union Truman Doctrine
Korea was divided after WWII at the 38th parallel
Policy aimed to stop Communism from spreading to any other countries containment
The United Nations idea they presented as one step toward world peace and security Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The armistice agreement that ended the Korean War was negotiated in P’anmunjom
Created a foreign policy known as containment George F. Kennan
Symbolic representation of a sharp division in Europe Iron Curtain
Executed for spying Ethel Rosenberg
President of South Korea’s Republic of Korea Syngman Rhee
Program based on the belief that economic prosperity would foster free and democratic governments The Marshall Plan
Led the Chinese Communists Mao Zedong
Era of high tension between the world’s superpowers Cold War
Invaded South Korea in June 1950 Kim Il Sung
Plan that provided crucial supplies to British, French, and U.S. occupied zones Berlin airlift
Group focused on the threat of communism in the United States House Un-American Activities Committee
President Truman’s plan for America Fair Deal
Created by: shupeer