Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

A New Government

The Road to the U.S. Constitution

TermDefinition
Republic A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them.
Articles of Confederation This document, the nations first constitution, was adopted by the second Continental Congress in 1781 during the American Revolution. The document was limited because states held most of the power.
Land Ordinance of 1785 A law that divided much of the United States into a system of townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers.
Northwest Ordinance The 1787 Northwest Ordinance defined the process by which new states could be admitted into the Union from the Northwest Territory. The ordinance forbade slavery in the territory.
Virginia Plan Virginia delegate James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population.
New Jersey Plan New Jersey delegate William Paterson's plan of government, in which states got an equal number of representatives in Congress.
Great Compromise Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house.
Three-Fifths Compromise Compromise between northern and southern states at the Constitutional Convention that three-fifths of the slave population would be counted for determining direct taxation and representation in the House of Representatives.
Checks and Balances A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power.
Federalist Name given to those in the United States that favored a strong central federal government. They were for the signing of the Constitution.
Antifederalist Name given to those who were against the ratification of the Constitution. This group of people wanted a weak,central government which gave states more rights.
Bill of Rights The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.
The Federalist Essays promoting ratification of the Constitution, published anonymously by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison in 1787 and 1788.
Delegated Powers Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money.
Reserved Powers Powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states.
Alexander Hamilton He emerged as a major political figure during the debate over the Constitution, as the outspoken leader of the Federalists and one of the authors of the Federalist Papers.
Publius Pen name of those writing the Federalists Papers.
James Madison He was considered the father of the Constitution. He was one of the leaders of the Constitutional Convention and helped construct the Bill of Rights.
Constitutional Convention The meeting of state delegates in 1787 in Philadelphia called to revise the Articles of Confederation. It instead designed a new plan of government, the US Constitution.
John Jay Convinced that the Articles of Confederation did not provide a strong enough central government, he wrote five Federalist Papers in support of the new Constitution. President George Washington named him to be the first chief justice of the Supreme Court.
Created by: CoachSweitzer