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American Govt Unit 2

Chapter 3 and 4

TermDefinition
Veto When the president rejects and act of congress
Cabinet Advisory board to the President
Executive agreement a pact a President makes with the head of a foreign state
Delegated powers powers that belong to the National government in the constitution
Block grant FeDeral money given to States and other local governments
Interstate compact An agreement among the States
The courts it has the power to rule something unconstitutional
Electoral college The president is formally elected by this group
Expresse powers Powers written in the constitution
Privileges and Immunity Clause This does not allow states to draw distinctions between their residents and residents from other states
Implied powers This delegated power is given because it is hinted at in the constitution
Separation of powers The system of having three branches that do separate things
Revenue sharing Federal aid program from 1972 - 1987
Concurrent powers Powers shared between the national and State governments
Categorical grant Money given to states for a specific purpose
Extradition The process in which a criminal captured in one state is sent to the state where they committed the crime.
Informal process to change the consistution Supreme court decisions, executive actions, and customs are examples of this
Privileges and Immunity Clause This allows states to charge more for out of state fishing and hunting license.
2nd Amendment This allows people to have a gun
1st Amendment This gives people the right to free speech
Inherent Powers Powers the national government has because it is a sovereign state
10th Amendment State have reserved powers because of this amendment
What is a formal agreement between two or more sovereign states? treaty
What are the six basic principles of the Constitution? popular sovereignty; limited government; separation of powers; checks and balances; judicial review; federalism
What does the Massachusetts constitution of 1780 demonstrate when it declared that "the legislative department shall never exercise the executive and judicial powers, or either of them?" separation of powers
What did Alexander Hamilton believe to be "an essential safeguard" and James Madison call one of the "auxiliary precautions" in The Federalist No. 78 and 51, respectively? judicial review
What has most dramatically reshaped the electoral college from its intended purpose? political parties
What amendment was ratified as the result of the popularity of Franklin D. Roosevelt? 22nd Amendment
What part of the Constitution says that the office of the President should be transferred to the Vice President if the President dies while in office? 25th Amendment
The opening of the Preamble ("We the People of the United States …") demonstrates what basic principle? popular sovereignty
What did the Framers use to build a strong National Government while preserving the existing States and local self-government? federalism
What allows the executive branch to reject an act of Congress? presidential veto
How many amendments were sent to the States but were never ratified? six
How is an amendment ratified? either (1) by the State legislatures of 3/4 of the States or (2) by conventions held in 3/4 of the States
Which of the following is NOT part of the Constitution? legislation
What is a pact made by the President directly with the head of a foreign state? executive agreement
Which basic principle is also known as "constitutionalism" or "rule of law?" limited government
What process did the Framers put in place to change the Constitution in the future? formal amendment
How is an amendment proposed? either (1) by Congress by a 2/3 vote in both houses or (2) at a national convention called by Congress when requested by 2/3 of the State legislatures
Which president broke the "no-third-term tradition?" Franklin Roosevelt
Created by: gcowing