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A Changing Nation

Ch. 13 pg. 394 (1790-1860) The Industrial Revolution and America

TermDefinition
textiles The first important breakthrough of the Industrial Revolution in the manufacturing and producing of items such as cloth.
technology These are tools used to produce items or to do work. During the Industrial Revolution, skilled workers made items by hand resulting in slower production.
interchangeable parts To make items for the government, Eli Whitney, used machines and the concept that each vital part that went into making the product would be exactly the same (identical).
mass production Whitney proved that American inventors could keep up with and improve upon the new British technology. This could be done by making large numbers of goods that are exactly alike.
Industrial Revolution A period of rapid growth in the use of machines in manufacturing and production.
Richard Arkwright An Englishman that patented a large spinning machine, called the water frame, that ran on waterpower. This brought dramatic changes to the cloth industry.
Samuel Slater A skilled British mechanic that knew how to build water frames. He ran the first mill, located in Pawtucket, Rhode Island in 1790. He illegally immigrated to the U.S. from Britain.
Eli Whitney The inventor of interchangeable parts which he believed to be a "new principle" in manufacturing.
James Hargreaves In 1764, this British person designed the spinning jenny.
War of 1812 This war convinced officials and business people that the U.S. was too dependent on imported manufactured goods.
mills These were built by merchants because Arkwright's machines were too large to fit in people's homes and because they needed to be located near streams (water).
American textile manufacturers These people faced problems because Americans were use to producing hand made products. Slater provided the solution by building machines that would produce cloth faster.
Britain increase over U.S. manufacturing growth Britain already had plenty of factory workers and their land was scarce and expensive while the people from the U.S. worked their land.
East and southern states growth New England was closer to ships that were loaded with goods while southerners practiced agriculture (farming).
Higher tariffs on foreign goods This was done to protect and encourage U.S. goods.
Created by: lollylulu