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Industrial Rev. 5

textile cloth or fabric
entreprenuer a person who starts his or her own business rather than working for someone else
interchangeable parts identical parts that can replace each other
mass production making goods in large quantities, using interchangeable parts and an assembly line
productivity how fast goods and services are produced by a person, machine, or group
abolitionist an antislavery activist (against slavery)
discrimination treatment of people based on a class or category rather than on individual merit
Underground Railroad a secret system that helped runaway slaves escape to the free states or Canada
tariff a tax charged by a government on imported goods
states' rights powers possessed by state governments
sectionalism loyalty to local and regional interests and customs (one part of the country)
Samuel Slater opened the first cotton-spinning textile mill or factory in the United States
Francis Cabot Lowell an entrepreneur who built a mill near Boston
Eli Whitney invented a cotton engine or gin that used wire teeth to remove seeds
Robert Fulton invented the steamboat which could travel against currents
William Lloyd Garrison began printing an antislavery newspaper called "The Liberator"
Fredrick Douglas well known black abolitionist; had escaped slavery; writer and speaker
Sojourner Truth important female abolitionist who also spoke in favor of women's rights; born into slavery
Sarah and Angelina Grimke of South Carolina saw the cruelty of slavery from the point of view as the daughters of a slave owner; as adults moved north and spoke out against slavery
Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery and was the most famous conductor on the "Underground Railroad"; returned 19 times to lead others to freedom
George Mason slave owner from Virginia, called slavery "national sin"
Nat Turner led a rebellion against slave owners; caused southern states to pass laws to control both enslaved and free blacks
John C. Calhoun southerner who argued against tariffs; Vice President in 1828; argued for States' Rights
Created by: crstone