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Chapt. 11 Vocab

TermDefinition
1. Mass Production The production of large quantities of a standardized article (often using assembly line techniques).
2. Model T The first widely available automobile powered by a gasoline engine; mass-produced by Henry Ford from 1908 to 1927.
3. Scientific Management Approach to improving efficiency, in which experts looked at every step of a manufacturing process, trying to find ways to reduce time, effort, and expenses.
4. Assembly Line A series of workers and machines in a factory by which a succession of identical items is progressively assembled.
5. Consumer Revolution Flood of new, affordable goods in the decades after World War 1
6. Installment Buying Installment plan: a system for paying for goods by small increments.
7. Bull Market Period of rising stock prices.
8. Buying on Margin System of buying stocks in which a buyer pays a small percentage of the purchasing price while the broker advances the rest.
9. Teapot Dome Scandal Scandal during the Harding administration in which the Secretary of the Interior leased government oil reserves to private oilmen in return for bribes.
10. Washington Naval Disarmament Conference International conference held by harding in 1921-1922 ; usa, great britain, france, italy, and japan agreed on a set amount of tonnage for their naval fleets ; increased political stability
11. Kellogg-Briand Pact A treaty renouncing war as an instrument of national policy and urging peaceful means for the settlement of international disputes, originally signed in 1928 by 15 nations, later joined by 49 others.
12. Dawes Plan A plan to ensure payments of reparations by Germany after World War I, devised by an international committee headed by Charles Gates Dawes and put into effect in 1924.
13. Modernism The growing trend to emphasize science and secular values over traditional ideas about religion.
14. Fundamentalism Emphasized Protestant teachings and the belief that every word in the Bible was literal truth.
15. Scopes Trial 1925 trial of a Tennessee school teacher for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution.
16. Quota System A system, originally determined by legislation in 1921, of limiting by nationality the number of immigrants who may enter the U.S. each year.
17. Ku Klux Klan a secret organization in U.S., active for several years after the Civil War, which aimed to suppress the newly acquired powers of blacks and to oppose carpetbaggers from the North.
18. Prohibition The period when the Eighteenth Amendment was in force and alcoholic beverages could not legally be manufactured, transported, or sold in the U.S.
19. Eighteenth Amendment An amendment to the U.S. constitution, ratified in 1918, prohibiting the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages for consumption: repealed in 1933.
20. Volstead Act An act of Congress, introduced in 1919 by Andrew J. Volstead to implement the Eighteenth Amendment of the constitution, which forbade the sale of alcoholic beverages.
21. Bootlegger Alcoholic liquor unlawfully made, sold, or transported, without registration or payment of taxes.
22. The Jazz Singer A 1927 American musical film. The first feature-length motion picture with synchronized dialogue sequences, its release heralded the commercial ascendance of the "talkies" and the decline of the silent film era.
23. Flapper A young woman, especially one who, during the 1920s, behaved and dressed in a boldly unconventional manner.
24. "Lost Generation" The generation of men and women who came of age during or immediately following World War I: viewed, as a result of their war experiences and the social upheaval of the time, disillusioned and without cultural or emotional stability.
25. Jazz a style of dance music, which originated in New Orleans, popular especially in the 1920s, arranged for a large band and marked by some of the features of jazz.
26. Harlem Renaissance A renewal and flourishing of black literary and musical culture during the years after World War I in the Harlem section of New York City.
Created by: Adriano_Santos