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Chapter 1 SS

Native Americans and Explorers

How did the first Americans get here? Bering Land Bridge
Why did the first Americans come to America? Paleo-Indians crossed the Bering Land Bridge
Who were the first to come to America? Paleo-Indians
Bering Land Bridge a strip of land that rose as the sea level fell during the ice age
migration movement of people or animals from one nation to another
Paleo-Indians first people to come to America
Makah homes:earthen lodges jobs: hunters, farmers, and fishers government: Chief makes all the decisions religion: believed in spirits of nature, used whales food: berries, clams, mussels, salmon, and whale
Hopi homes: Adobe jobs: cooking, caring for home, harvesting, weaving clothes, perform ceremonies government: priests religion: used snakes food: rabbits, mammoths, bison, buff
Mandan homes:mud lodges and tepees jobs: hunters, farmers, cooks, caring for kids government: village chief and war chief religion: used buffalo food:
Iroquois homes:long wooden houses jobs:making clothes, farming government:Iroquois Creek Council religion: believed in multiple nature spirits
Creek homes:houses on mountains jobs:hunters, harvesters government:Village chief called Mico's religion: used green corn
Aztec homes:Adobe jobs:farming, metalworking, trading, weaving, hunting, soldier, carpentry, care for house, care for kids cook government:emperor, surfs, commoners, nobles, and slaved religion:sacrificed
2 reasons why the Iroquois Constitution is related to the US Constitution 1)women have rights, everyone has equal 2)rights of festivals, right of religion
matrilineal power past down to mothers line
Iroquois League union of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca (the Five Nations)
Iroquois Constitution Iroquois laws of peace
What attracted settlers to North America? gold, glory, God, grace, and animals and land
What is the population of Native Americans living in America before 1942? 2-10 million
What are some events that happened during the Dark Ages that made exploration possible? Viking raids, Germanic tribes fought each other, Feudalism developed
Caravels small fast Spanish ship
Astrolobe device that enabled travels to determine where they were based on the stars
Why did African kings participate in slave trade? 1)send prisoners and traitors as slaves 2)trade slaves for guns, horses, and other goods
Why did European countries start western sea exploration? an easier sea route to Asia and not get attacked by Portugal
What are the 4 G's of exploration? Glory, Gold, God, Grace
What are the "Fab Five" countries? England, Spain, Portugal, Netherlands, and France
Renaissance rebirth of art, literature, and science
Leif Erikson Date:1000 Worked For:Norway Goal:explore Greenland and is and adventurous person Description:sailed to Greenland but wind blowed ship to America
Christopher Columbus Date: October 12, 1492 Worked For: Spain Goal: find a short sea route to Asia Description:Sailed to America thinking it was a quicker way to Asia.first recorded explorer to cross the Atlantic Ocean. Believed he was in India
Amerigo Verspucci Date: 1501 Worked For: Spain Goal:wanted riches from America, explored South America and was the first to believe it was a separate continent Description:led a Spanish fleet to the coast of South America
Ferdinand Magellan Date: 1519 Worked For: Spain Goal: first to circumnavigate the Earth Description:sailed the coast of South Africa and down the Pacific Ocean
Hernan Cortes Date: 1519 Worked For: Spain Goal: searching for wealth Description: conquered Aztec and defeated king Moctezulma
Francisco Pizarro Date:1534 Worked For: Spain Goal: conquer Inca who ruled in some parts of North America Description: conquered Inca and killed their leaders
Juan Ponce De Leon Date: 1508 Worked For: Spain Goal:search for islands of Bimini and the fountain of youth Description: conquered Porto Rico for Spain and found San Juan
Hernando de Soto Date: 1539 Worked For: Spain Goal: Explore Gulf of Mexico, gold, glory, God, and grace Description: discovered Mississippi River, went through Georgia, The Carolina's, Appalachian Mountains, and Oklahoma
Alvar Ninez Cabeza de Vaca Date: 1528 Worked For: Spain Goal: conquer North America Description: joined expedition to North American and landed in Florida, Crew died except for four
Francisco Vasquez de Cornodo Date: 1540 Worked For: Spain Goal: explore North America Southwest and find the Seven Cities of Gold Description: never found the Seven Cities of Gold and expedition went to New Mexico and Arizona
John Cabot Date: 1497 Worked For: England Goal: find Northwest Passage for the king of England, claim North America for England Description: traveled along the coast of present day Canada and North America
Giovanni de Verrazano Date: 1524 Worked For: France Goal: search for Northwest Passage Description: sailed across North Carolina to New York
Jacques Cartier Date: 1534 Worked For: France Goal: claim areas for France and search for Northwest Passage Description: sailed to Canada and the St. Lawrence River
Henry Hudsan Date: 1610 Worked For: England Goal: search for Northwest Description: sailed farther North than any previous sailor
Rene Robert de La Salle Date: 1679 Worked For: France Goal: find the Mississippi River Description: claimed Mississippi Valley and named it Louisiana
Northwest Passage sea passage along the north coast of North America
conquistador a conquerer
What did countries Spain occupy? Mexico, South America, Central America
What did countries France occupy? Louisiana, Canada
What did countries England occupy? East Coast
What did countries Netherlands occupy? New York
What did countries Portugal occupy? Brazil
What did the Old World get from the Colombian Exchange? corn, squash, pineapple, pumpkins, sweet potatoes, potatoes, cacao, peppers, tobacco, beans, vanilla, turkeys, tomatoes, and peanuts
What did the New World get from the Colombian Exchange? guns, onions, olives, citrus fruit, grains, livestock,coffee beans, grapes, bananas, peaches, pears, sugar cane, honey bees, and disease
What is the Ecomienda System? a system that gives settlers the right to tax Native Americans and convert them to Christianity
What was the impact on disease brought by the Europeans? many Native Americans died.
Who is Bartolome de Las Casas? A Spanish Priest who believed the Spanish were mean and cruel to the Native Americans
What are positive and negative effects of the Age of Exploration? positive: America gained many crops, livestock, and guns negative: disease killed many Native Americans, Native Americans were tortured, used as slaves, and killed
Created by: 1210977