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Chapter 8: Judiciary

appellate Jurisdiction the courts ability to hear cases on appeal from a lower court
Judicial review the supreme courts ability to review or reject as unconstitutional any law passed or act by congress, executive branch or the states
writ of Mandamus an order from a court to an inferior government official ordering the government official to properly fulfill their official duties or correct an abuse of discretion
Moot when the case is solved or no longer relavant
Ripeness If a law has not yet been implemented or a discriminatory action has not yet occurred, the Court will not hear a case concerning its constitutionality.
Writ of Certiorari An order to the lower court to deliver the records for a case to the supreme court to review
Rule of Four If a sizeable miniority of the court would like to hear a case then the court will grant a review. There must be a minimum of 4
Amicus Curiae "friend of the court" a brief that is filed by a person or group that is not directly involved with the case at hand
Department of Justice Responsible for evaluating the professional qualifications of potential nominees
Senatorial Courtesy grants the senate a good amount of power in the judicial nomination process
Precedent Rulings in previous cases
Created by: 507463906