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S.S. Unit 1 Test

Social Studies Test number 1

How did the 1st Americans get to America? By the Bering Land Bridge- the sea water froze on land (Ice Age)and the sea level was lower. So the Americans traveled across the land to America
Where and why did the First Americans come to america? following animal herds, Asia
Who and when were the First Americans? 8000 B.C. Pelo Indians
Bering Land Bridge Ice Age, when sea water froze on land and sea level lowered. So in Theory there would be a land bridge to America.
Migration the Europeans moved from Europe to the New World
Paleo- Indian From Clovis
What are two ways the Iroquois Constitution was similar to U.S government and society voted; justice with crime
Matrilineal women had more power; line of power through mothers power
Iroquois League
Iroquois Constitution
What did North America have that attracted settlers to there land, animals to hunt
What was the population of Native Americans living in North America before 1492? 2-10 million
The Makah From Washington Ruled by chief Their jobs were: butchers, whalers Lived in the Northwest, forestry They ate: berries deer, sea food They lived in cliff or wooden houses(cabin) They worshiped nature spirits
The Hopi Lived in Arizona Shamans were chiefs their jobs: hunters farmers They lived in Southwest, dry and desert They ate: corn, squash They lived in adobes (mud houses) Rain Dances
The Mandan They live in North Dakota Mothers have more power than men Their jobs: farmers, hunters They lived in Great Plains, dry, grassy, scattered trees They ate: bison, squash, corn They lived in tepees Okia (Sun dance and buffalo rituals
The Iroquois They lived in Canada 6 tribes forming nation(country) Their jobs: hunters, farmers They lived in Northeast, mountains, valleys(rivers) They ate: corn squash, beans They lived in long houses Harvest Party: great spirits & nature spirits
The Creek They lived in Georiga Elected chiefs Their jobs: hunters, farmers, merchants They ate: Corn, squash, nuts, beans They lived in Grass Houses( built on mound) Green Corn Festival
The Aztec
What are some events that pulled Europe out of the Dark Ages? Crusades
What are two major inventions for sea exploration? Caravel(ship) and the Astrolabe(telescope)
Why did the African Kings participate in the slave trade? So they could be traded guns, horses, and other goods
Why did the European countries start western sea exploration? To find a quicker route to Asia to find gold, so;l, spices, and jewels
What are the 4 G's? Gold- gems, spices, silk Glory- money, reputation, legacy, awards God- missionaries, spread their religion Grades- learning about sea, land, cultures, animals
What are the FAB FIVE? Spain, Portugal, England, France, Holland
Renaissance a rebirth in art, literature, and science
Leif Eriksson Worked for: Norway Goals: to convert Greenlanders to Christianity Accomplishments:He discovered North America
Christopher Columbus Worked for: Spain Goals: find Asia by heading west Accomplishments: 1st explorer to cross Atlantic and see new world
Amerigo Vespucci Worked for: Spain Goals: To exlpore new world Accomplishments: found out this was not Asia but new Wolrd
Ferdinand Magellan Worked for: Portugal Goals: travel the world by boat Accomplishments: His crew made it all around the world by boat
Hernando Cortes Worked for: Spain Goals: seek fortune in new world Accomplishments: Conquered Aztec
Francisco Pizzarro Worked for: Spain Goals: To search fro Inca Empire Accomplishments: Conquered Inca Empire
Juan Ponce de Leon Worked for: Spain Goals: Searching for Fountain of Youth Accomplishments: Finding Florida
Hernando de Soto Worked for: Spain Goals: searching for gold Accomplishments: 1st to discover the Mississippi River
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca Worked for: Spain Goals: get fortune Accomplishments: creation of the fable of the Seven Cities of Gold
Francisco Vasquez de Cornado Worked for: Spain Goals: Searched for seven Cities of Gold Accomplishments: 1st to discover Grand Canyon
John Cabot Worked for: England Goals: Finding route to Asia by heading west Accomplishments: Claimed North America for England
Giovanni da Verrazano Worked for: France Goals: Northeast Passage to China Accomplishments: Sailed along coast of North America
Jacques Cartier Worked for: France Goals: Conquer lands for France Accomplishments: Claimed Canada for France
Henry Hudson Worked for: England Goals: find Northwest Passage to Asia Accomplishments: claimed New York for England
Rene Robert de La Salle Worked for: France Goals: To claim Mississippi for France Accomplishments: claimed Gulf of Mexico
Northwest Passage any water route through North America to get to Asia
Conquistador Spanish conqueror
Spain occupied? all central America, Southern America
France occupied? Canada
Netherlands occupied? New York
England occupied? North America Coastline
Portugal occupied? Brazil
What goods came from the New World? squash, pumpkins, peppers, sweet potatoes, tobacco, turkeys, pineapples, cacao, peanuts, potatoes, beans, vanilla, tomatoes, corn
What goods came from the Old World? Onions, Olives, Turnips, coffee beans, peaches, pears, citrus fruits, grapes, bananas, sugar canes, honeybees, grains(wheat, rice, barley, oats), Livestock(cattle, sheep, pigs, horses), Disease(smallpox, typhus, malaria, diphtheria, whooping Cough)
Enocomiendia System it gave settlers the right to tax local native Americans or to make them work. In exchange these settlers were suppose to protect the Native Americans and convert them into Christianity.
Bartolome de Las Casas Believed that the American Indians were perfect. he respected them and was fascinated by culture. He cared for these Indians and thought of them as people unlike this fellow Europeans.
Created by: Brea.Zellner