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Chap 7 Mrs. Morris

Section 1-5

TermDefinition
Minutemen American colonial militia members who were supposed to be ready to fight at a minutes notice.
Siege Military blockade of a city or fort.
First Continental Congress Met in Philadelphia. had 56 colonial delegates.
Thomas Gage decided to take away the minutemen's weapons and ammunation.
Redcoats British soldiers, becuase of uniform.
Second Continental Congress Had to decide how to react to the fighting.
Continental Army To defend the colonies.
George Washington Virginian to command army.
Olive Branch Petition Peace request sent by the Second Continental Congress to Britains King George III, who rejected it.
Battle of Bunker Hill Revolutionary War battle in Boston that demostrated that the colonists could fight well against the British army.
Unalienable Rights Basic human rights such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
Common Sense Panphlet written by Thomas Paine
Thomas Paine argued for breaking away from Great Britain.
Thomas Jefferson Main of author of Decleration of Independence.
Decleration of Independence Statement of the Second Continental Congress that defined the colonists rights, outlined their complaints about Great Britain, and declared the colonies independence.
Patriots American colonists who fought for independence from Great Britain during the Revolutionary War.
Loyalissts Colonists who sided with Britain in the American Revolution.
Abigail Adams The wife of John Adams.
Mercenaries Hired foreign soldiers.
Lord's Dunmore's Proclamation Statement issued by by Virginia's royal governorpromosing freedom to any slave who fought for the british in the American Revolution.
Thayendanega Persuaded many of the Iroquois to support the British.
Molly Pitcher Brought water to thirsty Patriot troops.
William Howe Led the British to drive the the continental armyoff of Long Island.
Battle of Trenton Revolutionary War battle in New Jersey in which Patriot forces captured more than 900 Hessain troops.
Battle of Princeton Revolutionary War battle in which the the Patriots drove back British forces in New Jersey.
John Burgoyne surrendered army to american patriot general Haatio's Gates at Saratoga, New York, on october 17, 1777.
Battle of Brandywine Creek Revolutionary War battle in which British forces overwhelmed th e Patriots in Pennsylvania.
Battle of Saratoga Revolutionary war battle in New York that resulted in a major defeat of British troops; marked the Patriot's greatest victory up to that point in the war.
Bernado de Galvez the governor of Spanish Louisiana, was a key ally to the Patriots.
Marquis de Lafayette individual foreigner who aso fought for the patriots.
Friedrich von Steuben sspoke no english
John Paul Jones one of the most successful American captains.
Guerilla Warfare Type of fighting in which soldiers use swift hit-and-run attacks against the enemy, usually behind the battle lines.
George Rogers Clark Was a key American leader in the west.
Battle of Vincennes Revolutionary War battle in the west in which Patriots retook Vincennes, a mostly French town along the Wabash River, from the British.
Horatio Gates led patriot forces who tried to drive out the British
Francis Marion great at Guerrilla Warfare.
Comte de Rochambeau french general
Battle of Yorktown Last major battle of the Revolutionary War; site of British general Charles Conwallis's surrender to the Patriots in Virginia.
Treaty of Paris 1783 Peace agreement that officially ended the Revoluionary War and estblished British reconition of the United States.
Created by: JaCoby Guidry