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AP GOV VOCAB 20

worddefinition
FOREIGN POLICY A POLICY THAT INVOLVES CHOICE TAKING, LIKE DOMESTIC POLICY, BUT ADDITIONALLY INVOLVES CHOICES ABOUT RELATIONS WITH THE REST OF THE WORLD.
UNITED NATIONS CREATED IN 1945, AN ORGANIZATION WHOSE MEMBERS AGREE TO RENOUNCE WAR AND TO RESPECT CERTAIN HUMAN AND ECONOMIC FREEDOMS.
NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION CREATED IN 1949, AN ORGANIZATION WHOSE MEMBERS INCLUDE THE UNITED STATES, CANADA, AND MOST WESTERN WESTERN EUROPEAN NATIONS, AND TURKEY, ALL OF WHOM AGREED TO COMBINE MILITARY FORCES AND TO TREAT A WAR AGAINST ONE AS A WAR AGAINST ALL.
EUROPEAN UNION AN ALLIANCE OF THE MAJOR WESTERN EUROPEAN NATIONS THAT COORDINATES MONETARY, TRADE, IMMIGRATION, AND LABOR POLICIES, MAKING ITS MEMBERS ONE ECONOMIC UNIT.
SECRETARY OF STATE THE HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND TRADITIONALLY A KEY ADVISER TO THE PRESIDENT ON FOREIGN POLICY.
SECRETARY OF DEFENSE THE HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND THE PRESIDENT'S KEY ADVISER ON MILITARY POLICY; A KEY FOREIGN POLICY ACTOR.
JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF THE COMMANDING OFFERS OF THE ARMED SERVICES WHO ADVISE THE PRESIDENT ON MILITARY POLICY.
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY AN AGENCY CREATED AFTER WORLD WAR II TO COORDINATE AMERICAN INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES ABROAD.
ISOLATIONISM A FOREIGN POLICY COURSE FOLLOWED THROUGHOUT MOST OF OUR NATION'S HISTORY, WHEREBY THE UNITED STATES HAS TRIED TO STAY OUT OF OTHER NATIONS' CONFLICTS, PARTICULARLY EUROPEAN WARS.
CONTAINMENT DOCTRINE A FOREIGN POLICY STRATEGY ADVOCATED BY GEORGE KENNAN THAT CALLED FOR THE UNITED STATES TO ISOLATE THE SOVIET UNION, CONTAIN ITS ADVANCES, AND RESIST ITS ENCROACHMENTS BY PEACEFUL MEANS IF POSSIBLE, BUT BY FORCE IF NECESSARY.
COLD WAR WAR BY OTHER THAN MILITARY MEANS USUALLY EMPHASIZING IDEOLOGICAL CONFLICT, SUCH AS THAT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE SOVIET UNION FROM THE END OF WORLD WAR II UNTIL THE 1990S.
McCARTHYISM THE FEAR, PREVALENT IN THE 1950S, THAT INTERNATIONAL COMMUNISM WAS CONSPIRATORIAL, INSIDIOUS, BENT ON WORLD DOMINATION, AND INFILTRATING AMERICAN GOVERNMENT AND CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS.
ARMS RACE A TENSE RELATIONSHIP BEGINNING IN THE 1950S BETWEEN THE SOVIET UNION AND THE UNITED STATES WHEREBY ONE SIDE'S WEAPONRY BECAME THE OTHER SIDE'S GOAD TO PROCURE MORE WEAPONRY, AND SO ON.
DETENTE A SLOW TRANSFORMATION FROM CONFLICT THINKING TO COOPERATIVE THINKING IN FOREIGN POLICY STRATEGY AND POLICYMAKING.
STRATEGIC DEFENSE INITIATIVE RENAMED STAR WARS BY CRITICS, A PLAN FOR DEFENSE AGAINST THE SOVIET UNION UNVEILED BY PRESIDENT REAGAN IN 1983.
INTERDEPENDENCY MUTUAL DEPENDENCY, IN WHICH THE ACTIONS OF NATIONS REVERBERATE AND AFFECT ONE ANOTHER'S ECONOMIC LIFELINES.
TARIFF A SPECIAL TAX ADDED TO IMPORTED GOODS TO RAISE THE PRICE, THEREBY PROTECTING AMERICAN BUSINESSES AND WORKERS FROM FOREIGN COMPETITION.
BALANCE OF TRADE THE RATIO OF WHAT IS PAID FOR IMPORTS TO WHAT IS EARNED FROM EXPORTS.
ORGANIZATION OF PETROLEUM EXPORTING COUNTRIES AN ECONOMIC ORGANIZATION, CONSISTING PRIMARILY OF ARAB NATIONS, THAT CONTROLS THE PRICE OF OIL AND THE AMOUNT OF OIL ITS MEMBERS PRODUCE AND SELL TO OTHER NATIONS.
Created by: manateresita