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8th grade

Chapter 18: Era of Reform

QuestionAnswer
Reformers Between 1820-1850, some Americans devoted themselves to such causes as ending slavery, improving education
Second Great Awakening A revival of religious feeling and belief in the 1820's and 1830's, to become better Christians.
Henry David Thoreau Famous optimistic writer, who urged people to follow their own hearts to improve their lives.
Dorothea Dix Worked tirelessly to improve conditions for prisoners and the mentally ill.
Insane people who have a mental disorder.
asylum Hospitals for the mentally ill.
Public schools Schools that are paid for by taxes and managed by local government for the benefit of the general public.
Horace Mann Father of public education, supervisor of education in Massachusetts.
Oberlin College Became the first college to admit women in 1837 (Ohio).
Prudence Crandall Admitted an African American girl to her Connecticut girls' school. White parents took their children out of the school.
Abolitionists People who favored abolition, the ending of slavery.
Sojourner Truth A former slave gave speeches throughout the North, against slavery and later, in favor of women's rights.
William Lloyd Garrison A white abolitionists who started a fiery abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator.
Fredrick Douglass A runnaway slave who became a leader in the abolitionist movement.
North Star Abolititionist newspaper started by Fredrick Douglass.
Angelina and Sarah Grimke Raised in a slaveholding family in South Carolina, became Quakers and began to speak out about the poverty and pain of slavery.
Lucretia Mott Leader of the women's rights movement.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton Leader in the movement for equal rights for women.
Lucy Stone Graduated from Oberlin College, invited to write a speech but was not allowed to give the speech in public, only a man could. She refused.
Elizabeth Blackwell Rejected by 29 medical schools, before being accepted. Graduated at the top of her class, country's first female doctor. Still no hospitals or doctors would work with her.
Declaration of Sentiments A formal statement of injustices suffered by woman, written by organizers of the Seneca Falls Convention. (beliefs or convictions)
Seneca Falls Convention Seneca Falls, N.Y. 340 men and women. Helped to create an organized campaign for women's rights
Created by: jgallehe