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Chapt. 10 Vocab

1. Alsace-Lorraine A territory created by the German Empire in 1871 after it annexed most of Alsace and the Moselle region of Lorraine following its victory in the Franco-Prussian War.
2. Militarism The principle or policy of maintaining a large and powerful military.
3. Western Front The zone of fighting in western Europe in World War I. For most of the war the front line stretched from eastern France through Belgium.
4. Casualty Loss in numerical strength through any cause, as death, wounds, sickness, capture, or desertion.
5. Contraband Goods imported or exported illegally.
6. U Boat A German submarine, usually armed with torpedoes.
7. Lusitania A British ocean liner that was sunk by a German submarine in the Atlantic in May 1915.
8. Zimmerman Note A 1917 diplomatic proposal from the German Empire to Mexico to make war against the United States.
9. Selective Service Act authorized the federal government to raise a national army for the American entry into World War I through drafting.
10. CPI (Committee on Public Information) Made to promote the war domestically while publicizing American war aims abroad.
11. Conscientious Objector Refusal on moral or religious grounds to take part in a military conflict or to serve in the armed forces.
12. Espionage Act People who helped the enemy, interfered with the draft, or encouraged mutiny in the military would face 20 years in prison and a $10,000 fine. The postmaster general could also refuse to carry mail that might help the enemy.
13. Great Migration The movement of 6 million African-Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the Northeast, Midwest, and West.
14. Convoy An armed force, warship, etc. that escorts especially for protection.
15. Fourteen Points Policies designed to end World War I and provide peace in Europe; A statement of the war aims of the Allies, made by President Wilson on January 8, 1918.
16. Self-Determination The right of people to choose their own form of government.
17. League of Nations World organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace.
18. Reparations Payment for war damages.
19. Irreconcilable A group of 16 Republicans that refused to support any type of League of Nations.
20. Reservationists A group of Senators who opposed the Treaty of Versailles to end WWI unless specific changes were included.
21. Influenza A flu virus.
22. Inflation Rising prices.
23. Red Scare Fear that allows citizens to approve or reject a law passed by a legislature.
24. Palmer Raids A series of raids in the early 1920s initiated by Palmer against suspected radicals and communists.
25. Creditor Nation A nation that is owed money by other nations.
Created by: Adriano_Santos