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Chapter 10 Vocab

Chapter 10 Vocabulary

1) Alsace-Lorraine- A previous French-ruled territory that was lost to Germany during a conflict between France and Germany about strong nationalism beliefs.
2) Militarism- Glorification of the military.
3) Western Front- Battle front between the allies and Central Powers in Western Europe during World War I.
4) Casualty- Amount of soldiers killed, wounded, and missing.
5)Contraband- Supplies captured from an enemy during wartime.
6) U-boat- German submarine.
7) Lusitania- British passenger liner sunk by a German U-boat during World War I.
8) Zimmermann note- Telegram written by German Foreign Minister Zimmermann proposing an alliance between Germany and Mexico against the United States during World War I.
9) Selective Service Act- Act passed by Congress in 1917 authorizing a draft of men for military service.
10) Committee on Public Information (CPI)- Government agency created during World War I to encourage Americans to support the war.
11) Conscientious objector- Person whose moral or religious belief forbid him or her to fight in wars.
12) Espionage Act- Act passed by Congress in 1917 enacting severe penalties for anyone engaged in disloyal or treasonable activities.
13) Great Migration- Movement of African Americans in the twentieth century from the rural South to the industrial North.
14) Convoy- Group of merchant ships sailing together, protected by war ships.
15) Fourteen Points- List of terms for resolving World War I and future wars outlined by American President Woodrow Wilson.
16) Self-determination- The right of people to chose their own form of government.
17) League of Nations- World organization established after World War I to promote peaceful cooperation between countries.
18) Reparations- Payment for war damages.
19) "Irreconcilables"- Isolationist senators who opposed any treaty ending World War I that had a League of Nations folded into it.
20) "Reservationists"- a group of Senators, led by Henry Cabot Lodge, who opposed the Treaty of Versailles to end World War I, unless specific changes were included.
21) Influenza- Flu virus.
22) Inflation- Rising prices.
23) Red Scare- Fear communists were working to destroy the American way of life.
24) Palmer Raids- The series of raids in the 1920s initiated by Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, against suspected radicals and communists.
25) Creditor nation- Country which is owed more money by other countries than it owes other countries.
Created by: Andrew_Clark