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Chapter.10

Chapter 10: World War I and Beyond 1914-1920

WORD DEFINITION
1. Alsace-Lorraine territory created by the German Empire in 1871
2. militarism glorification of the military
3. Western Front battle front between the Allies and Central Powers in western Europe during World War I
4. casualty soldiers killed, wounded, and missing
5. contraband supplies captured from an enemy during wartime
6. U-boat German submarine
7. Lusitania British passenger liner sunk by a German U-boat during World War I
8. Zimmermann note telegram written by German Foreign Minister Zimmermann proposing an alliance between Germany and Mexico against the United States during World War I
9. Selective Service Act act passed by Congress in 1917 authorizing a draft of men for military service
10. Committee on Public Information (CPI) government agency created during World War I to encourage Americans to support the war
11. conscientious objector person whose moral or religious beliefs forbid him or her to fight in wars
12. Espionage Act act passed by Congress in 1917 enacting severe penalties for anyone engaged in disloyal or treasonable activities
13. Great Migration movement of African Americans in the twentieth century from the rural South to the Industrial North
14. Convoy group of merchant ships sailing together, protected by war ships
15. Fourteen Points list of terms for resolving World War I and future wars outlined by American President Woodrow Wilson
16. Self-determination the right of people to choose their own form of government
17. League of Nations world organization established after World War I to promote peaceful cooperation between countries
18. reparations payment for war damages
19. "irreconcilables" isolationist senators who opposed any treaty ending World War I that had a League of Nations folded into it
20. "reservationists" a group of Senators, led by Henry Cabot Lodge, who opposed the Treaty of Versailles to end World War I, unless specific changes were included
21. influenza flu virus
22. inflation rising prices
23. Red Scare fear that communists were working to destroy the American way of life
24. Palmer Raids the series of raids in the early 1920s initiated by Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, against suspected radicals and communists
25. creditor nation country which is owed more money by other countries than it owes other countries
Created by: Mixu88