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Foy Ch. 16 Vocab

A federal outpost in Charleston, South Carolina, that was attacked by the Confederates in April 1861, sparking the Civil War. Fort Sumter
Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri; slave states that lay between the North and the South and did not join the Confederacy during the Civil War. border states
Confederate efforts to use the importance of southern cotton to Britain's textile industry to persuade the British to support the Confederacy in the Civil War. cotton diplomacy
An 1861 battle that was the first major battle of the Civil War, resulting in a Confederate victory; showed that the Civil War would not be won easily. First Battle of Bull Run
An 1862 series of Civil War battles in which Confederate army successes forced the Union army to retreat from Richmond, Virginia, the Confederate capital. Seven Days' Battles
An 1862 Civil War battle in which the Confederate army forced most of the Union army out of Virginia. Second Battle of Bull Run
An 1862 Union victory in the Civil War that marked the bloodiest single-day battle in US military history. Battle of Antietam
A warship that is heavily armored with iron. ironclad
An 1862 Civil War battle in Tennessee in which the Union army gained greater control over the Mississippi River valley. Battle of Shiloh
The 1863 Union army's six-week blockade of Vicksburg that led the city to surrender during the Civil War. Siege of Vicksburg
Freeing of the slaves. emancipation
An 1862 order issued by President Abraham Lincoln freeing the slaves in areas rebelling against the Union; took effect January 1, 1863. Emancipation Proclamation
Escaped slaves who joined the Union army during the Civil War. contrabands
African American Civil War regiment that captured Fort Wagner in South Carolina. 54th Massachusetts Infantry
A group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War. Copperheads
The constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment. habeas corpus
An 1863 Union Civil War victory that turned the tide against the Confederates at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Battle of Gettysburg
An 1863 failed Confederate attack during the Civil War led by General George Pickett at the Battle of Gettysburg. Pickett's Charge
An 1863 speech given by Abraham Lincoln in which he praised the bravery of Union soldiers and renewed his commitment to winning the Civil War. Gettysburg Address
An 1864 series of battles between Union and Confederate forces in northern and central Virginia that delayed the Union capture of Richmond. Wilderness Campaign
A type of war in which an army destroys its opponent's ability to fight by targeting civilian and economic as well as military resources. total war
Virginia town where General Robert E. Lee was forced to surrender, thus ending the Civil War. Appomattox Courthouse
Created by: lfoy8290