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Road to Revolution I

TermDefinition
Samuel Adams He was the founder of the Sons of Liberty and one of the most vocal patriots for independence. He also signed the Declaration of Independence.
Stamp Act An act passed by the British parliment in 1756 that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents.
Writs of Assistance Search warrants issued by the British government. They allowed officials to search houses and ships for smuggled goods, and to enlist colonials to help them search. The writs could be used anywhere, anytime, as often as desired.
Boston Massacre A riot in Boston (March 5, 1770) arising from the resentment of Boston colonists toward British troops quartered in the city, in which the troops fired on the mob and killed five colonists.
Committees of Correspondence Committees of Correspondence, organized by patriot leader Samuel Adams, was a system of communication between patriot leaders in New England and throughout the colonies.
First Continental Congress The First Continental Congress convened on September 5, 1774, to protest the Intolerable Acts. The congress voted for a boycott of British imports, and sent a petition to King George III.
Second Continental Congress They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the committee to draft the Declaration of Independence.
Loyalist A colonist who remained loyal to Great Britain and the kng during the American Revolution.
Thomas Paine American Revolutionary leader and pamphleteer (born in England) who supported the American colonist's fight for independence.
Common Sense A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that criticized monarchies and convinced many American colonists of the need to break away from Britain.
Redcoats British soldiers who fought against the colonists in the American Revolution. They were nicknamed this because of their bright red uniforms.
Valley Forge Place in Pennsylvania where George Washington and his Continental Army spent the winter. One-fourth of Washington's troops died that winter. It allowed for Washington to regroup and retrain his rag-tag army.
Battle of Saratoga Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River.
Nathanael Greene The excellent American general who was put in charge of the colonial troops in the southern U.S. during the Revolution.
Battle of Yorktown The last major battle of the Revolutionary War. Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army. He surrendered October 19, 1781.
Treaty of Paris Agreement signed by British and American leaders that stated the United States of America was a free and independent contry.
Patriots American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won.
Created by: CoachSweitzer