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OC CH 8 & 9 REVIEW

OC CH 8 & 9 TEST REVIEW

QuestionAnswer
What was the Rush-Bagot Agreement? Limited power on the Great Lakes for both the U.S. and Britain; shared fishing rights and right to keep ships on the lakes
What was the Convention of 1818? An agreement btwn. the U.S. and Britain that established the border between the U.S. and Canada
After the War of 1812, what were the main problems between the U.S. and Britain (Canada)? Territorial disputes over things like naval and fishing rights on the Great Lakes
What was the Adam-Onis Treaty? Agreement bwtn. U.S. and Spain; U.S. would get East Florida; Spain would gain what is now Texas and about $5 million
What was the Monroe Doctrine? U.S. foreign policy that stated the U.S. would not interfere with any European conflicts or wars, and that Europe should stay out of the Americas
Why did both the U.S. and Britain want the Oregon Territory in the Pacific Northwest? They both were interested in the valuable fur trade in the area
What effect did the Monroe Doctrine have on Latin America? It placed Latin American nations within the influence of the U.S.
What convinced Spain to finally negotiate a treaty with the U.S. about Florida? General Andrew Jackson and his troops were in the area and had taken over some Spanish forts
Why was President Monroe and the U.S. worried when Mexico gained its independence from Spain? They thought European countries might try to colonize Mexico and other newly independent Latin American countries
Why did the U.S. support Latin America when it was fighting for its independence against Spain? Americans were reminded of the American colonists' fight for independence against Britain
According to the American System, how would projects such as new roads and canals be paid for? a tariff on products imported from foreign countries
What was the significance of the Missouri Compromise? It maintained an equal balance of free and slaves states in the U.S.
Who won the election of 1824? John Quincy Adams - The House of Representatives had to make the decision
What is sectionalism? When politicians become divided over the interests of the regions they represent, such as North, South, and West
What was the main goal of the American System? to strengthen the U.S. economy
What were some things that contributed to the rising feeling of nationalism in the U.S.? Pride after the War of 1812; successful treaties with countries like Spain and Britain; the Monroe Doctrine warning Europe to stay out of the Western Hemisphere
What was the outcome of the Gibbons v. Ogden Supreme Court case? The federal government controls interstate commerce and trade, NOT the states
How did the court cases McCulloch v. Maryland and Gibbons v. Ogden strengthen feelings of national unity in the U.S.? Both cases reinforced (help strengthen) the power of the federal government
What was special about the Cumberland Road? It was the first road built by the federal government, as a result of the American System
What is meant by the "Era of Good Feelings"? A time of peace, pride, and progress in the United States; the Erie Canal, Cumberland Road, and Adams-Onis Treaty are some examples of things that happened during this period
How was the winner chosen in the presidential election of 1824? Who LOST the election? the House of Representatives
As part of the Missouri Compromise, what state would enter the U.S. as a free state? Maine (Missouri would enter as a slave state)
In what ways were voting rights improved during the early 1800s? Voting restrictions were removed, which allowed white men to vote regardless of property, religion, or other standards
What people benefited from expanded voting rights during the early 1800s? White men, regardless of how much property they owned or what religion they practiced
How did the new voting rights help Andrew Jackson win the election of 1828? Andrew Jackson's chances of winning increased because he was popular among the majority of voters
What happened after Andrew Jackson was elected that showed his presidency would be different from that of other presidents? A party of over 20,000 people at the White House to celebrate Jackson's election
What helped Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun win the election by a record number of votes? Expanded (increased) voting rights
What was different about Andrew Jackson's style of democracy than that of other presidents? He focused on majority rule and democracy for all
What was the "spoils system"? Andrew Jackson rewarded his supporters with government jobs
What are two facts about the NORTH in the early 1800s? Economy based on manufacturing; in favor of tariffs because American products could be sold at cheaper prices than European products
Why were the people in the SOUTH against tariffs? Tariffs increased the prices of products that southerners bought
What issue started the "nullification crisis"? The Tariff of Abominations
Why was Daniel Webster against nullification? He felt if was harmful to the country's unity (the Union)
What did the Supreme Court decide in the case McCulloch v. Maryland? The federal government had the constitutional power to maintain a national bank (Maryland could not eliminate it)
Why did the Whig Party form, and what type of government did the Whig Party want? Formed to oppose Andrew Jackson; wanted a weak president and strong Congress
What were Andrew Jackson's and John C. Calhoun's (Jackson's V.P.) views on nullification? Jackson believed that state governments have no right to nullify federal laws (states have to follow federal laws), while Calhoun believed in the states' rights doctrine - States had the right to nullify federal laws
How did Andrew Jackson show an inconsistency in his views on federal vs. states' rights? He wanted to use U.S. troops to force South Carolina to pay the tariff, but was against the national bank because he said it hurt the states
What was the Bureau of Indian Affairs? A federal govt. office established to oversee policy toward American Indians
Why are the Choctaw Indians remembered when learning about the Indian Removal Act? They were the first Native American group to be removed to Indian Territory
Where was Indian Territory? In most of what is now the state of Oklahoma
Who benefited most from Andrew Jackson's plan to move American Indians to the West? American farmers, who gained millions of acres for settlement
How did the Cherokee people resist removal to Indian Territory? They adopted the culture of white people, setting up schools, a similar govt. system, even a newspaper
What happened to the Cherokee, even after the Supreme Court ruled in Worchester v. Georgia that the state of Georgia had no authority over them? They were removed from their land and forced into Indian Territory
What was the "Trail of Tears"? the involuntary 800-mile march Cherokee Indians made in their removal from Georgia
What did supporters of the states' rights doctrine believe, and who was a leader who helped advance the states' rights doctrine? State government power should be greater than the power of the federal govt.
Created by: enid.robert