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Political Science #1

Study guide chapters 1,6,9,10

QuestionAnswer
What does Aristotle about society? "Man is by nature a political animal and is destined to live in a polis"
Abraham Lincoln says government is? "The legitimate object of government is to do for a community that which need done but cannot do their individual and separate lives".
James Madison speaks about government by saying? "If men were angels; no government would be necessary"
Three functions of government are? protect against enemies, maintain order promote the general welfare.
whats the definition of politics according to Harold Laswell ? who gets what, when , and how?
what the definition of politics according to David Easton politics is the authoritative allocation of values
Elite theory focuses on ? the capitalist system, money is the key element of the formation of laws
according to Michael Parenti's book democracy of the few what is the greatest source of wealth? inheritance
primary issues focus on ? fundamental change
secondary issues focus on? slowly and a little change bit by bit
cooptation is what? bringing them to your side ex. sellout
tokenism is what? focuses on symbolic change
pluralism is what? group competition is foundation of laws
David Truman five assumptions of pluralism 1. Americans everywhere in interest groups 2. most influential interest come from a division of labor 3. normal an equilibrium exists between groups in a society 4. from time to time their is no disequilibrium 5.to establish and maintain equilibrium
government is not neutral because it represents interest groups that gain access to it
Interest Groups Tactics lobbying, testifying, write laws, wine and dine(including junkets), electioneering(PAC contributions), Public relations , grassroots pressure, litigation.
hyper pluralism the idea of groups pulling at the system that pulls to a halt
social problems problems shared by group of people
trigger mechanisms natural disasters , diseases, inventions, technological changes , economic depressions
socializing the conflict public agenda, political culture , political socialization, tabla rosa
tabla rosa blank slate becomes anything
political socialization how you gain your political influence(family impact)
the agents socialization: family ,schools, peer groups, mass media
attitudes long term affected by family
opinions friendships are affected by this and short term
selective perception things we like and seek out
political ideology set of attitudes and opinions
functions of political parties promote stability in political system, recruit candidates for office, organize and manage government, public information, loyal opposition, and simplify choices
democrats african american , labor unions, mexican american, jewish, eastern europe hertitage, italian , polish , catholics, big cities, northeastern US, and uneducated
republicans white, british, german heritage, bussiness and professional groups, midwest, west, small towns , higher income, better educated.
democrats want more government to solve nations issue and fears unemployment
republicans want want less government and more free market solutions to the the nations's problems and fears inflation
open primary anybody can vote
closed primary registered party can vote
blanket primary all candidates on one ballot
winner take all systems who gets the most votes win
single member districts focuses on who wins the election
liberals democratic
conservatives republicans
radicals change right now and uses violence
reactionaries use old school ways and use violence to take us there
selective retention remembers things to bolster your point of view
government an organization designed for social control
pluralist theory people organize in a group
top ten us income and wealth is 86%
c wright mills uses his design to show military, corporate m and government at the top
floyd hunter focuses on in atlanta georgina more corporations make more decisions than government leaders
Influences on government time, knowledge, integrity, leadership
birds of a feather flock together Aristotle
Alexis de Toqueville says "americans of all, ages, conditions, and dispositions are forming associations
interest groups effect size, money, leadership, prestige, and intensity
interest groups paid to influence government
lobbying communication between interest groups and government
junkets being bought
electioneering reward friends and punish enemies
pac? political action committee (financial arm
grassroot pressure advertisements and protests
public relations selling or owning business
political socialization process where you learn about candidates, politics, and government
ideologue thinks the same about everything
social conscious theory to divide 2 groups
electoral college votes on who becomes president and decides on the state due to the popular vote
caicus decides on nominees
Created by: lynn93