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Causes of the Civil

Study Stack for the Causes of the Civil War Unit

QuestionAnswer
Compromise that ended the debate over whether or not to admit Missouri as a slave state The Missouri Compromise
The Senator known as the Great Compromiser, whom helped write both the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850 Henry Clay
The two states admitted to the union under the Missouri Compromise Maine(free) and Missouri(slave)
The 1846 proposal for congress to ban slavery in all southwestern lands that might become states The Wilmot Proviso
The two major political parties in the 1840's The Democrats and The Whigs
The political party formed by anti-slavery supporters that wanted to ban slavery in all land gained in the Mexican American War The Free-Soil Party
The idea that people in each territory would vote directly on slavery, rather than having their elected representatives decide for them Popular Sovereignty
The concept of states withdrawing from the Union Secede
The Compromise that ended the debate over whether or not to admit California to the Union as a free state The Compromise of 1850
The parts of the Compromise of 1850 made to please the North California would be added as a free state and the slave trade would be banned in Washington D.C.
The parts of the Compromise of 1850 made to please the South Popular Sovereignty would be used to decide on slavery in states formed from the Mexican Cession
Law that allowed government assigned slave catchers to travel into free territory and re-capture runaway slaves Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
Three facts that made the Fugitive Slave Act unfair Suspects had no trials to prove their innocence, only a white witness was needed to declare a suspect a runaway slave, the law forced northerners to help catch runaways
Three ways northerners resisted the fugitive slave act Mobs threatened slave catchers, they helped slaves escape to Canada, northern juries refused to convict people charged with assisting slaves escape
Novel that helped people begin to view slavery as not just a political conflict but a moral issue Uncle Tom`s Cabin
Author of Uncle Tom`s Cabin Harriet Beecher Stowe
Act proposed by Stephen A. Douglas to undo to Missouri Compromise and allow Popular Sovereignty in territories where slavery was previously banned The Kansas Nebraska Act
How did pro-slavery supporters win the Popular Sovereignty election in Kansas? They traveled to Kansas from Missouri and voted illegally
Nickname given to Kansas because of all of the violence between pro and anti-slavery supporters Bleeding Kansas
Senator who was assaulted after he insulted a congressmen`s relative in an anti-slavery speech Charles Sumner
Congressmen who attacked a Senator for insulting his uncle during a speech in congress Preston Brooks
New party formed from anti-slavery Whigs, Northern Democrats, and Free-Soilers Republicans
A supreme court ruling that stated that slavery was legal in all territories Dred Scott Decision
Type of rights that protected slavery in all states according to the Dred Scott Decision Property rights
Republican that believed slavery was wrong and all slaves were entitled to all the rights in the Declaration of Independence Abraham Lincoln
Participated in several debates against Abraham Lincoln and defeated him in a race for Illinois State Senate Stephen Douglas
Attacked Harpers Ferry, VA in plans to steal government weapons and use them to lead a slave revolt John Brown
The main platform of the Republican Party To stop slavery from spreading to western territories
Governor from Texas that opposed secession Sam Houston
First state to secede from the Union South Carolina
Name of the Southern Nation formed from seceded states Confederate States of America
President of the Southern Nation Jefferson Davis
Where the first shots of the civil war where fired after Lincoln tried to send supplies to hungry soldiers Fort Sumter
Created by: mrnick625