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EOC Native Am. Ch.13

Native American Culture on the Prairie-- Clash with Whites

Counting Coup touching a live enemy with a stick and escaping unharmed
Treaty of Fort Laramie treaty forced on the Sioux in which they agreed to live on a reservation along the Missouri River
assimilation a plan in which Native Americans would give up their beliefs and way of life and become part of white culture
Dawes Act Congressional Act designed to "Americanize" Native Americans by forcing them to farm 160 acre plots of former reservation land
Wounded Knee the place where 300 Sioux were massacred by the 7th Cavalry; marked the end of the "Indian Wars"
Chisholm Trail the major cattle route from San Antonio to Kansas
Homestead Act Congressional act offering 160 acres of land free to any citizen or intended citizen who was head of a household
Exodusters African Americans who moved from the post-Reconstruction South to Kansas
soddy a sod home built on the Great Plains
Morrill Act Congressional Acts of 1862 and 1890 that gave federal land to the states to help finance agricultural colleges
bonanza farms enormous single-crop farms of 15,000-20,000 acres
Grange an organization whose purpose was to provide a social outlet for farmers on the Great Plains, but was also used to fight the railroads
Populism movement-- later a political party-- founded by midwestern farmers and merchants, designed to reform monetary policy to favor debtors and to weaken the grip of railroads on the economy
bimetallism a monetary system in which the government gives citizens either gold or silver in exchange for paper currency or checks
gold standard backing dollars solely with gold
William Jennings Bryan a former Nebraska Congressman who ran for president as a Democrat and adopted many Populist planks for the Democratic Party Platform
Created by: willsong