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EOC Recon. Ch. 12

terms, people, places for Reconstruction

Radical Republicans Group of legislators in Congress who wanted to break the political power of former slaveholders; also wanted former slaves to be given full citizenship and the right to vote
Thaddeus Stevens Along with Charles Sumner, the leader of the Radical Republicans
Wade-Davis Bill a bill that proposed that Congress, not the president, should be responsible for Reconstruction
Freedmen's Bureau Government agency that assisted former slaves and poor whites in the South by distributing food and clothes and building schools
Black Codes discriminatory laws designed to severely restrict African Americans' activities
14th Amendment made "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" citizens of the U.S.
impeach to formally charge the President with misconduct in office
15th Amendment said no one can be kept from voting because of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude"
scalawag white Southerners who joined the Republican Party
carpetbaggers Northerners who moved to the South after the Civil War
Hiram Revels the first African-American senator
sharecropping when a landowner divides land and gives a worker a few acres to work, along with seed and tools. At harvest time, each worker gives the landowner a share of his crop.
tenant farming when someone rents land for cash from an owner and keeps all the harvest
Ku Klux Klan organization, the goal of which was to restore white supremacy. Did so by intimidation and violence
Panic of 1873 Economic downturn that served to turn popular attention away from Reconstruction, especially in the North
Redemption the phrase Democrats used to describe their return to power in the South
Rutherford Hayes the person who was appointed president by Congress in exchange for removing Federal troops from the South
Samuel Tilden the person who won the popular vote in the 1876 election
Compromise of 1877 the political deal that got Hayes elected and ended Reconstruction in the South
home rule the ability to run state governments without federal intervention
Created by: willsong