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|Monroe’s secretary of state; New England’s choice for president in the Election of 1824
|John Quincy Adams
|former military hero from Tennessee – won the popular vote in the Election of 1824 but did not win the presidency in that election. He won the election of 1824.
|the idea of spreading political power to all the people, thereby ensuring majority rule.
|the practice of winning candidates giving government jobs to political backers of supporters.
|Congressional leader who supported the need for a strong central government and spoke out against sectionalism. He later changed his beliefs and became the foremost champion of states’ rights.
|John C. Calhoun
|an 1828 law that raised the tarriffs on raw materials and manufactured goods; it upset Southerners who felt that economic interests of the Northeast were determining national economic policy.
|Tariff of abomination
|a right of the state to reject a federal law that it considers unconstitutional
|Doctrine of nullification
|an 1830 debate between Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne over the doctrine of nullification
|senator from Massachusetts and the most powerful speaker of his time. Opposed nullification.
|an increase in the price of goods and services and a decrease in the value of money
|vice president under Andrew Jackson, he was elected to the presidency in 1836.
|Martin Van Buren
|a financial crisis in which banks closed and the credit system collapsed.
|Panic of 1837
|a severe economic slump
|a political party organized in 1834 to oppose the policies of Andrew Jackson
|the Whig presidential candidate in the Election of 1840, he led the army that defeated the Shawnees at the Battle of Tippecanoe. Died 1 month after the inauguration.
|William Henry Harrison
|vice-presidential candidate under Harrison for the Election of 1840. Became president after Harrison died one month after the inauguration.
|invented a writing system for the Cherokee language.
|this 1830 act called for the government to negotiate treaties that would require Native Americans to relocate west.
|Indian Removal Act
|present day Oklahoma and parts of Kansas and Nebraska to which Native Americans were moved under the Indian Removal Act of 1830.
|the tragic journey of the Cherokee people from their homeland to Indian Territory between 1838 and 1839; thousands of Cherokee died.
|Trail of Tears
|led the Seminoles in their fight against removal.