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WCMS6WestwardExpan.

Westward Expansion and Reform

QuestionAnswer
President Jefferson bought this land from France and it nearly doubled the size of the United States. The Louisiana Purchase
War with Mexico resulted in this state and the Southwest Territory becoming part of the United States. California
Who explored the Louisiana Purchase? Meriwether Lewis & William Clark
How did Florida become part of the US? Spain gave Florida to the US through a treaty
This became part of the US after it broke away from Mexico to become an independent republic. Texas
This land was split between the US and Great Britain. Oregon Territory
What is a geographical area under the control of an independent nation called? territory
What two territories did Lewis and Clark explore? The Louisiana Purchase and the Oregon Territory (from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean)
What are the four economic reasons for westward expansion? gold (California Gold Rush), logging, farming, and freedom for runaway slaves
How did the US government encourage westward expansion? it gave away land to people (Homestead Act)
Population growth in the east led to... westward migration or expanion
What were modes of cheap and fast transportation that aided in westward expansion? steamboats and locomotives (trains)
What two trails did settlers take to get to the west? Oregon and Santa Fe
What is Manifest Destiny? The belief that expansion was for the good of the US and was the right of the US (the US should expand as far as the Pacific Ocean)
Gold that was discovered in this state led to a gold rush in 1849. California
This manmade body of water located in New York helped link the east to the west and made transporting goods and people cheaper and faster. Erie Canal
Who invented the reaper? Cyrus McCormick and Jo Anderson
This invention led to the increase in slave labor. the cotton gin
Who improved the steamboat? Robert Fulton
This slave helped invent the reaper. Jo Anderson
This man invented the cotton gin. Eli Whitney
This invention increased the productivity of the American farmer. the reaper
This invention provided faster transporation that connected the Southern plantations, Northern industries, and Western territories. the steamboat
This invention provided faster LAND transportation. the steam locomotive or train
What is an entrepreneur? a person who organizes resources to bring new or better goods and services to market to make a profit OR a businessman
What is a person who is the first to think of or make something called? an inventor
Men and women who worked to end slavery were known as? abolitionists
What is suffrage? the right to vote
Who led hundreds of slaves to freedom through the Underground Railroad? Harriet Tubman
What white abolitionist wrote the Liberator that called for the immediate freedom of slaves? William Lloyd Garrison
What former slave was nationally known as an advocate for equality and justive? Sojourner Truth
Who believed that all men and women were equal? suffragists or suffragetts
This former slave wrote the North Star newspaper and worked for rights for African Americans to better their lives Frederick Douglass
Women's Rights : Suffrage :: Slavery : ______________________ Abolition
Robert Fulton : Steamboat :: Eli Whitney : ________________________ Cotton Gin
Created by: MrsBonini