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History Final 2/2013


The definition of latitude is: The distance north or south of Earth's Equator, measured in degrees
The definition on longitude is : The distance east or west of the Prime Meridian in degrees.
The definition of hemisphere is Half the earth
The Prime Meridian is actually a line of: Longitude
What basic questions guide geographers? Where things are located? and Why are they there?
The Equator is actually a line of: Latitude
How is Earth's rotation connected to the change from day to night? As Earth rotates, it is night on the side facing away from the sun. As the Earth turns toward the sun, it becomes day.
What forces inside Earth shape the Earth's surface Magma and moving plates
What are the five main types of climate? Tropical, Dry, Temperate Marine, Temperate Continental, and Polar
What is population density? The average number of people living in a square mile or square kilometer.
What are push factors? Reasons why people leave a place.
How does a push factor explain a persons decision to migrate? Push factors explain why a person would leave their own country.
How does a pull factor explain a persons decision to migrate? Pull factors explain why a person would go to another country.
Who owns the farms, factories and offices in a communist economy? The government
What is a country's level of development? It is based on the numbers of industries and levels of advanced technology it has.
What is the definition of a state? A region that shares a government.
In which types of governments do ordinary citizens take part in decisions? Direct democracy, Constitutional Monarchy and Representative Democracy.
What is an alliance? A group of nations that has agreed to work together.
What is the definition of prehistory? The time before writing was invented.
What do scientists study to learn about prehistory? They study the remains of , and objects that belonged to , ancient people.
How was life in the New Stone Age different than in the Old Stone Age? People settled in areas to grow their own food rather than traveling constantly in search of food.
What effects did food surpluses have on people and populations? Populations grew and people could focus on other jobs besides farming.
What are pull factors? Reasons why people are drawn to a place.
What resources were necessary for villages to grow into cities? Rich soil, dependable drinking water and materials to build shelter.
How did Mesopotamia's geography help civilizations to develop in the area? Abundant water and fertile soil encouraged people to settle in the area and develop civilizations.
How did Sumerians practice religion? Sumerians practiced polytheism and made sure their gods were properly cared for.
What is the definition of empire? Many territories and peoples controlled by one government.
What were Babylonia and Assyria and where were they located? They were important Mesopotamia empires located in southwest Asia Minor.
Who was Hammurabi? He was the king of Babylon and creator of the Babylonian empire.
What is the definition of cuneiform? Groups of wedges and lines used to write several languages of the Fertile Crescent.
What does the expression "an eye for an eye" mean in relation to Hammurabi's Code? That the punishment equaled the crime.
What were some of the uses for the art of writing? To keep records, like sales, trades,tax payments, marriages, deaths and gifts to the gods.
Who were the Phoenicians? The Phoenicians developed an empire through trade along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea.
What religious laws did the Israelites (Jews) follow? The religious laws set forth in the Torah, including the Ten Commandments.
What do the laws of Judaism say about the moral values of the Israelites? These laws show that Israelites were concerned with honoring God above men; with the issues of right and wrong and helping the less fortunate.
How did the Nile River affect the lives of the early Nubians and Egyptians? The Nile brought the Ancient Egyptians and Nubians a constant source of water, allowing them to fish, farm, trade, and build communities along its banks.
How did the cataracts of the Nile River affect Nubian trade? The cataracts prevented Nubians from trading by traveling on the river, so Nubian trade routes had to be overland.
Why did Egypt's rulers have more authority than most rulers have today? The Egyptians thought that rulers had God-like powers and therefore hesitated to question their authority.
What Characteristics did Egypt's Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom have in common? All made progress and prospered most of the time; all were led by pharaohs.
In what ways did the ancient Egyptians use religion to understand nature? They believed that the Gods controlled nature and that this control explained the workings of nature.
Why did the Egyptians mummify their dead? Egyptians believed that a person's spirit would exist in the afterlife and would return to the mummified body to receive food and offerings.
Why were the pharaohs concerned about the condition of their tombs? The pharaohs wanted their bodies and possessions to be safe from robbers. They may also have felt that the appearance of the tomb reflected their wealth and power.
What was the importance of writing in Egyptian society? Writing enabled the people to keep track of their economy through written records and , later enabled them to communicate more complicated ideas.
How did the learning achievements of the Egyptians affect later civilizations? Future civilizations used the information Egyptians learned about medicine and astronomy.
What was the relationship between Egypt and Nubia? At first, they were friendly and traded goods. In time they became competitive, struggling over the control of the land.
What signs of Nubian culture exist in Nubia today? Nubian culture can still be found in styles of pottery, furniture, jewelry, and fashion.
Created by: djbrighter
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