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Chapt. 9 Vocab

1.Imperialism Policy in which strong nations extend their military, political, and economic control over weaker territories.
2. Extractive Economies Economy in colonies where the colonizing countryremoved raw materials and shipped them back home to benefit its own economy.
3. Social Darwinism The belief that life consists of competitive struggles in which only the fittest survive.
4. Yellow Press Newspapers that used sensational headlines and exaggerated stories in order to promote readership.
5. Jingoism Aggressive nationalism.
6. Rough Riders Group of men, consisting of rugged westerners and upper class easterners who fought during the Spanish-American War.
7. Treaty of Paris An agreement signed by the United States and Spain in 1898, which officially ended the Spanish-American War.
8. Insurrection A rebellion.
9. Guerrilla Warfare Form of non-traditional warfare generally involving small bands of fighters.
10. Spheres of Influence A region dominated and controlled by an outside power.
11. Boxer Rebellion Violence started by members of a secret society in China, which promoted the governments of Europe and America to send troops to squash the rebellion.
12. Open Door Policy America's statement that they did not want to colonize China, but wanted free trade there.
13. Russo-Japanese War A war between Japan and Russia in 1904 over the presence of Russian troops in Manchuria.
14. Gentlemen's Agreement Pact between the United States and Japan to end segregation of Asian children in San Francisco public schools. In return, Japan had to limit the immigration of its citizens to the United States.
15. Great White Fleet Battleships sent by Roosevelt in 1907 on a "good will cruise" around the world.
16. Foraker Act Established civil government in Puerto Rico.
17. Platt Amendment Restricted the rights of newly independent Cubans and effectively brought the island within the U.S sphere.
18. "Big Stick" Diplomacy Roosevelt's policy of creating and using, when necessary, a strong military to achieve America's goals.
19. Panama Canal Human-made waterway linking the Atlantic to the Pacific across the Isthmus of Panama.
20. Roosevelt Corollary President Roosevelt's reassertion of the Monroe Doctrine to keep the Western Hemisphere free from intervention by European powers.
21. "Dollar Diplomacy" Taft's policy of expanding American investments abroad.
22. "Moral Diplomacy" Wilson's statement that the U.S would not use force to assert influence in the world, but would instead work to promote human rights.
Created by: Adriano_Santos