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Chapter9 Vocab Terms

An Emerging World Power 1890-1917

TermDefinition
1. Imperialism Political, military, and economice domination of strong nations over weaker territories
2. Extractive Economy Economy in a colony where the colonizing country removed raw materials and shipped them back home to benefit its own economy
3. Social Darwinism Belief held by some in the late nineteenth century that certain nations and races were superior to others and therefore destined to rule over them
4. Yellow Press Newpapers that used sensational headlines and exaggerated stories in order to promote readership
5. Jingoism Aggressive nationalism
6. Rough Riders Group of men, consisting of rigged westerners and upper class easterenrs who fought during te Spanish-American War
7. Treaty of Paris An agreement signed by the United States and Spain in 1998, which officially ended the Spansh-American War
8. Insurrection Rebellion
9. Guerrilla Warfare Form of non-traditional warfare generally involving hit-and-run attacks by small bands of fighters
10. Sphere of Influence Region dominated and controlled by an outside power
11. Boxer Rebellion Violence started by members of a secret society in China, whwich prompted the governments pf Europe and America to send troops to squash the rebellion
12. Open Door Policy American statement that the government did not want colonies in China, but favored free trade there
13. Russo-Japanese War War between Japan and Russia in 1904 over the presence of Russisan troops in Manchuria
14. "Gentlemen's Agreement" Pact between the United States and Japan to end segregation of Asian childern in San Franciso public schools.In return, Japan agreed to limit the immigration of its citizens to the United States
15. Great White Fleet Battleships sent by Roosebelt in 1907 on a "good will cruise" around the world
16. Foraker Act Law establishing a civil government in Puerto Rico
17. Platt Amendment Set of conditions under which Cuba was granted indepencdence in 1902, including restictions on rights of Cubans and granting to the U.S. the "right to intervene" to preserve order in Cuba
18. "Big Stick" Diplomacy Roosevelt's poilcy of creating and using, when necessary, a strong military to achieve America's goals
19. Panama Canal Human-made waterway linking the Atlantic to the Pacifi across the Isthmus of Panama
20. Roosevelt Corollary President Roosevelt's reassertion of the Monroe Doctrine to keep the Western Hemisphere free from intervention by European powers
21. "Dollar Diplomacy" President Taft's policy of expanding American investments abroad
22. "Moral Diplomacy" Woodrrow Wilson's statement that U.S. would not use force to assert influence in the world, but would instead work to promote human rights
Created by: Lexibaby0013